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1 Samuel 18:3 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as much as himself.

1 Samuel 20:14-17 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

14 If I continue to live, treat me with the Lord’s faithful love, but if I die, 15 don’t ever withdraw your faithful love from my household—not even when the Lord cuts off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.” 16 Then Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the Lord hold David’s enemies accountable.”[a] 17 Jonathan once again swore to David[b] in his love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself.


  1. 1 Samuel 20:16 Lit Lord require it from the hand of David’s enemies
  2. 1 Samuel 20:17 LXX; MT reads Jonathan once again made David swear

1 Samuel 20:42 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

42 Jonathan then said to David, “Go in the assurance the two of us pledged in the name of the Lord when we said: The Lord will be a witness between you and me and between my offspring and your offspring forever.”[a] Then David left, and Jonathan went into the city.


  1. 1 Samuel 20:42 The last sentence of v. 42 is 1Sm 21:1 in Hb.

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