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Acts 7:10-12 New English Translation (NET Bible)

10 and rescued him from all his troubles, and granted him favor and wisdom in the presence of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made[a] him ruler over Egypt and over all his household. 11 Then a famine occurred throughout[b] Egypt and Canaan, causing[c] great suffering, and our[d] ancestors[e] could not find food. 12 So when Jacob heard that there was grain[f] in Egypt, he sent our ancestors[g] there[h] the first time.


  1. Acts 7:10 tn Or “appointed.” See Gen 41:41-43.
  2. Acts 7:11 tn Grk “came upon all Egypt.”
  3. Acts 7:11 tn Grk “and,” but logically causal.
  4. Acts 7:11 sn Our. Stephen spoke of “our” ancestors (Grk “fathers”) in an inclusive sense throughout the speech until his rebuke in v. 51, where the nation does what “your” ancestors did, at which point an exclusive pronoun is used. This serves to emphasize the rebuke.
  5. Acts 7:11 tn Or “forefathers”; Grk “fathers.”
  6. Acts 7:12 tn Or possibly “food,” since in a number of extrabiblical contexts the phrase σιτία καὶ ποτά (sitia kai pota) means “food and drink,” where solid food is contrasted with liquid nourishment (L&N 3.42).
  7. Acts 7:12 tn Or “forefathers”; Grk “fathers.”
  8. Acts 7:12 tn The word “there” is not in the Greek text. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context, but must be supplied for the modern English reader.
New English Translation (NET)

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