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Daniel 8:9-11 New English Translation (NET Bible)

From one of them came a small horn,[a] but it grew to be very great toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land.[b] 10 It grew so great it reached the army[c] of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars[d] to the ground, where it trampled them. 11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army,[e] from whom[f] the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary[g] was thrown down.


  1. Daniel 8:9 sn This small horn is Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who controlled the Seleucid kingdom from ca. 175-164 b.c. Antiochus was extremely hostile toward the Jews and persecuted them mercilessly.
  2. Daniel 8:9 sn The expression the beautiful land (Heb. הַצֶּבִי [hatsevi] = “the beauty”) is a cryptic reference to the land of Israel. Cf. 11:16, 41, where it is preceded by the word אֶרֶץ (ʾerets, “land”).
  3. Daniel 8:10 tn Traditionally, “host.” The term refers to God’s heavenly angelic assembly, which he sometimes leads into battle as an army.
  4. Daniel 8:10 sn In prescientific Israelite thinking the stars were associated with the angelic members of God’s heavenly assembly. See Judg 5:20; Job 38:7; Isa 40:26. In west Semitic mythology the stars were members of the high god’s divine assembly (see Isa 14:13).
  5. Daniel 8:11 sn The prince of the army may refer to God (cf. “whose sanctuary” later in the verse) or to the angel Michael (cf. 12:1).
  6. Daniel 8:11 tn Or perhaps “and by him,” referring to Antiochus rather than to God.
  7. Daniel 8:11 sn Here the sanctuary is a reference to the temple of God in Jerusalem.
New English Translation (NET)

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Daniel 8:9-11 New International Version (NIV)

Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land. 10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 11 It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord; it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down.

New International Version (NIV)

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