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Daniel 11 Lexham English Bible (LEB)

A Survey of the Kings of the North and South

11 “And I, in the first year of Darius the Mede, I stood[a] as a support and as a protection for him.

And now I will reveal the truth to you. Look! Still three kings will arise in Persia, and the fourth will get abundance and great wealth, even more than all of them, and when he becomes strong[b] through his wealth, then he will stir up everyone[c] against the kingdom of Javan.[d] And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great dominion, and he will do as he pleases.[e] But as he rises in power,[f] his kingdom will be divided toward the four winds of heaven, but not to his posterity, and not according to his dominion by which he ruled, for his kingdom will be uprooted and be given to others besides them.[g]

“Then the king of the south will grow strong and also one of his officials,[h] and he will grow stronger than him[i] and he will rule a dominion greater than his dominion.[j] And at the end of some years they will make an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the south will come to the king of the north to make a peace treaty, but she will not retain her position of power,[k] and his offspring[l] will not endure, and she will be given up, she and her attendants and her child supporting her, in those times.[m] And a branch from her roots[n] will rise up in his place, and he will come against the army and he will enter the stronghold of the king of the north and he will take action against them and he will prevail. And also their gods with their idols and with the precious vessels,[o] silver and gold he will take to Egypt into captivity, and for years he will leave the king of the north alone.[p] And then he[q] will come into the kingdom of the king of the south, but he will return to his land.

10 “But his sons will wage war and they will gather a multitude of great forces and he will advance with great force,[r] and he will overflow like a flood and he will pass through and he will return, and they will wage war up to his fortress. 11 And the king of the south will become furious, and he will go and he will battle against him, against the king of the north; and he will muster a great multitude, and the multitude will be given into his hand. 12 When the multitude is carried off, his heart will be exalted and he will overthrow tens of thousands,[s] but he will not prevail. 13 And the king of the north will again raise a multitude, greater than the former, and at the end of some years[t] he will surely come with a great army and with great supplies.[u]

14 “And in these times many will rise up against the king of the south, and the violent ones of your people[v] will lift themselves to fulfill[w] the vision, but they will fall. 15 And the king of the north will come, and he will throw up siege ramps[x] and capture a city of fortifications and the military forces of the south and his choice troops[y] will not stand, for[z] there is no strength left to resist. 16 And the one coming to him will act according to[aa] his pleasure, and there is no one who will stand[ab] before him,[ac] and he will stand in the beautiful land[ad] and complete destruction will be in his power. 17 And he will set his face to come with the authority of his whole kingdom and will form an agreement;[ae] and he will act,[af] and the daughter of women he will give to him to destroy it,[ag] but the ploy will not succeed and she will not support him.[ah] 18 And he will turn his face to the coastlands, and he will capture many, but[ai] a commander will end his insults to him so that instead his insults will turn back upon him.[aj] 19 And he will turn back his face toward[ak] the strongholds of his land, but he will stumble and he will fall and will not be found.

20 “Then in his place will arise one sending an official throughout the glory[al] of his kingdom, and in a few days[am] he will be broken, but not in anger and not in battle. 21 And in his place a despicable person will arise on whom[an] they have not conferred the majesty of the kingdom, and he will come in without warning[ao] and he will seize the kingdom by deceit. 22 And before him[ap] mighty military forces[aq] will be utterly swept away, and they will be broken, and also the leader of the covenant. 23 And after an alliance is made with him, he will act deceitfully, and he will rise and he will become powerful with few people backing him. 24 In a time of ease and in the rich parts of the province, he will come and he will do what his predecessors[ar] did not do; he will distribute plunder and spoil and possessions to them, and he will devise his plans against fortifications, but only for a time.[as] 25 And he will stir up his power and his heart against the king of the south and with a much greater and stronger army;[at] but he will not succeed, for they will devise plans against him. 26 And those who eat of his royal rations will break him and his army will be overwhelmed, and many will fall, slain. 27 And two of the kings[au] will bend their hearts[av] to evil. And at the same table[aw] they will speak lies, but what is discussed will not succeed, for still an end is coming at the appointed time. 28 Then he will return to his land with many possessions, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant,[ax] and he will take action and he will return to his land.

29 “At the appointed time he will return and he will come into the south, but it will not be as it was before.[ay] 30 And the ships of Kittim will come against him, and he will lose heart, and he will turn back, and he will be enraged against the holy covenant,[az] and he will take action, and he will turn back, and he will pay attention to those who forsake the holy covenant.[ba] 31 And military forces from him will occupy[bb] and will profane[bc] the sanctuary stronghold,[bd] and they will abolish the regular burnt offering, and they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.

32 “And those who violate the covenant he will seduce with flattery, but the persons who know their God[be] will stand firm and will take action. 33 And those who have insight will instruct[bf] the many, but they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for some time.[bg] 34 And when they fall[bh] they will receive little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy. 35 And even some of those who have insight[bi] will fall[bj] in order for them to be refined by it, and to be purified and cleansed until the time of the end, for the appointed time is still to come.

36 “Then the king will do as he pleases,[bk] and he will exalt himself and will consider himself above any god, and he will speak horrendous things against[bl] the God of gods, yet he will succeed until the period of anger is finished, for what is determined will be done. 37 He will not pay respect to the gods of his ancestors,[bm] or to the darling of women, and not to any god will he pay respect, for he will consider himself great over all gods. 38 But instead[bn] he will honor the god of fortresses, a god whom his ancestors[bo] did not know. He will honor him with gold, and with silver, and with precious stones[bp] and with costly gifts. 39 And he will deal with the fortified strongholds[bq] with the help of a foreign god;[br] and he will increase wealth for whoever will acknowledge him, and he will cause them to rule[bs] over the many, and he will distribute land for a price.

40 “And at the time of the end the king of the south will attack him, and the king of the north will storm against him with chariots[bt] and with horsemen and with many ships, and he will advance against the countries and he will sweep through like a flood.[bu] 41 And he will come into the beautiful land[bv] and many will fall victim, but these will escape from his power: Edom and Moab and the best part[bw] of the Ammonites.[bx] 42 And he will stretch out his hand against countries and the land of Egypt will not escape.[by] 43 And he will rule over the treasures of gold and the silver and over all the precious things of Egypt; and the Libyans and the Cushites will follow in his footsteps. 44 But reports will terrify him from the east and from the north, and he will go out with great fury to destroy and to exterminate many. 45 And then he will pitch the tents of his palace between the sea and the beautiful holy mountain,[bz] and he will come to his end, and there is no one[ca] helping him.”


  1. Daniel 11:1 Literally “my standing”
  2. Daniel 11:2 Literally “at his strength”
  3. Daniel 11:2 Literally “the all”
  4. Daniel 11:2 That is, Greece
  5. Daniel 11:3 Literally “as his pleasure”
  6. Daniel 11:4 Literally “as his rising/to rise”
  7. Daniel 11:4 Literally “to others from to alone these”
  8. Daniel 11:5 Literally “from among his officials”
  9. Daniel 11:5 Literally “over him”
  10. Daniel 11:5 Literally “a dominion great dominion his”
  11. Daniel 11:6 Literally “she will not retain the power of her arm”
  12. Daniel 11:6 Or “power”
  13. Daniel 11:6 Hebrew “in the times”
  14. Daniel 11:7 That is, a member of her family
  15. Daniel 11:8 Literally “vessels of their desire”
  16. Daniel 11:8 Literally “he will stand back from the king of the north”
  17. Daniel 11:9 That is, the king of the north
  18. Daniel 11:10 Literally “he will come, to come”
  19. Daniel 11:12 Literally “myriads”
  20. Daniel 11:13 Literally “to the end of the times years”
  21. Daniel 11:13 Or “resources”
  22. Daniel 11:14 Literally “the sons of the lawless ones of your people”
  23. Daniel 11:14 Literally “to cause to stand”
  24. Daniel 11:15 Hebrew “ramp”
  25. Daniel 11:15 Literally “the army of his chosen troops”
  26. Daniel 11:15 Hebrew “and”
  27. Daniel 11:16 Literally “as”
  28. Daniel 11:16 Literally “standing”
  29. Daniel 11:16 Literally “to the face of him”
  30. Daniel 11:16 Literally “in the land of the beauty”
  31. Daniel 11:17 Or “treaty,” or “peace proposal”; the Hebrew is difficult
  32. Daniel 11:17 Literally “do, perform”
  33. Daniel 11:17 Or “her”
  34. Daniel 11:17 Literally “and not for him will she be”
  35. Daniel 11:18 Hebrew “and”
  36. Daniel 11:18 Literally “so that not his insults he will return against him”
  37. Daniel 11:19 Hebrew “to”
  38. Daniel 11:20 Or “splendor”
  39. Daniel 11:20 Literally “in some days”
  40. Daniel 11:21 Hebrew “him”
  41. Daniel 11:21 Literally “in ease”
  42. Daniel 11:22 Literally “to the face of him”
  43. Daniel 11:22 Literally “military forces of the flood”
  44. Daniel 11:24 Literally “his fathers and the father of his fathers”
  45. Daniel 11:24 Literally “until time”
  46. Daniel 11:25 Literally “with an army great and numerous exceedingly”
  47. Daniel 11:27 Literally “And two of them, the kings”
  48. Daniel 11:27 Literally “their heart”
  49. Daniel 11:27 Literally “one table”
  50. Daniel 11:28 Literally “covenant of holiness”
  51. Daniel 11:29 Literally “as the former and as the last”
  52. Daniel 11:30 Literally “against the covenant of holiness”
  53. Daniel 11:30 Literally “the covenant of holiness”
  54. Daniel 11:31 Literally “will stand forth”
  55. Daniel 11:31 Or “desecrate”
  56. Daniel 11:31 Literally “the sanctuary, the stronghold”
  57. Daniel 11:32 Hebrew “the ones who know his God”
  58. Daniel 11:33 Literally “make understand”
  59. Daniel 11:33 Literally “during days”
  60. Daniel 11:34 Literally “in/at their falling”
  61. Daniel 11:35 Literally “the ones who produce insight”
  62. Daniel 11:35 Or “stumble”
  63. Daniel 11:36 Literally “as his pleasure”
  64. Daniel 11:36 Literally “over”
  65. Daniel 11:37 Or “fathers”
  66. Daniel 11:38 Literally “in his place”
  67. Daniel 11:38 Or “fathers”
  68. Daniel 11:38 Hebrew “precious stone”
  69. Daniel 11:39 Literally “the fortifications of strongholds”
  70. Daniel 11:39 Literally “the god of a foreign land”
  71. Daniel 11:39 Or “appoint”
  72. Daniel 11:40 Hebrew “chariot”
  73. Daniel 11:40 Literally “and he will overflow them and he will pass through”
  74. Daniel 11:41 Literally “into the land of the beauty”
  75. Daniel 11:41 A difficult word to translate in this context: possibly it means “the foremost” (NASB), or it may mean “the remnant” (NEB)
  76. Daniel 11:41 Literally “sons/children of Ammon”
  77. Daniel 11:42 Literally “not it will be to escape”
  78. Daniel 11:45 Literally “the mountain of the beauty holiness”
  79. Daniel 11:45 Or “not one”
Lexham English Bible (LEB)

2012 by Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software

Daniel 11 New International Version (NIV)

11 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.)

The Kings of the South and the North

“Now then, I tell you the truth: Three more kings will arise in Persia, and then a fourth, who will be far richer than all the others. When he has gained power by his wealth, he will stir up everyone against the kingdom of Greece. Then a mighty king will arise, who will rule with great power and do as he pleases. After he has arisen, his empire will be broken up and parceled out toward the four winds of heaven. It will not go to his descendants, nor will it have the power he exercised, because his empire will be uprooted and given to others.

“The king of the South will become strong, but one of his commanders will become even stronger than he and will rule his own kingdom with great power. After some years, they will become allies. The daughter of the king of the South will go to the king of the North to make an alliance, but she will not retain her power, and he and his power[a] will not last. In those days she will be betrayed, together with her royal escort and her father[b] and the one who supported her.

“One from her family line will arise to take her place. He will attack the forces of the king of the North and enter his fortress; he will fight against them and be victorious. He will also seize their gods, their metal images and their valuable articles of silver and gold and carry them off to Egypt. For some years he will leave the king of the North alone. Then the king of the North will invade the realm of the king of the South but will retreat to his own country. 10 His sons will prepare for war and assemble a great army, which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the battle as far as his fortress.

11 “Then the king of the South will march out in a rage and fight against the king of the North, who will raise a large army, but it will be defeated. 12 When the army is carried off, the king of the South will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands, yet he will not remain triumphant. 13 For the king of the North will muster another army, larger than the first; and after several years, he will advance with a huge army fully equipped.

14 “In those times many will rise against the king of the South. Those who are violent among your own people will rebel in fulfillment of the vision, but without success. 15 Then the king of the North will come and build up siege ramps and will capture a fortified city. The forces of the South will be powerless to resist; even their best troops will not have the strength to stand. 16 The invader will do as he pleases; no one will be able to stand against him. He will establish himself in the Beautiful Land and will have the power to destroy it. 17 He will determine to come with the might of his entire kingdom and will make an alliance with the king of the South. And he will give him a daughter in marriage in order to overthrow the kingdom, but his plans[c] will not succeed or help him. 18 Then he will turn his attention to the coastlands and will take many of them, but a commander will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back on him. 19 After this, he will turn back toward the fortresses of his own country but will stumble and fall, to be seen no more.

20 “His successor will send out a tax collector to maintain the royal splendor. In a few years, however, he will be destroyed, yet not in anger or in battle.

21 “He will be succeeded by a contemptible person who has not been given the honor of royalty. He will invade the kingdom when its people feel secure, and he will seize it through intrigue. 22 Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him; both it and a prince of the covenant will be destroyed. 23 After coming to an agreement with him, he will act deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power. 24 When the richest provinces feel secure, he will invade them and will achieve what neither his fathers nor his forefathers did. He will distribute plunder, loot and wealth among his followers. He will plot the overthrow of fortresses—but only for a time.

25 “With a large army he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South. The king of the South will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to stand because of the plots devised against him. 26 Those who eat from the king’s provisions will try to destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall in battle. 27 The two kings, with their hearts bent on evil, will sit at the same table and lie to each other, but to no avail, because an end will still come at the appointed time. 28 The king of the North will return to his own country with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant. He will take action against it and then return to his own country.

29 “At the appointed time he will invade the South again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before. 30 Ships of the western coastlands will oppose him, and he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and vent his fury against the holy covenant. He will return and show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant.

31 “His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation. 32 With flattery he will corrupt those who have violated the covenant, but the people who know their God will firmly resist him.

33 “Those who are wise will instruct many, though for a time they will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered. 34 When they fall, they will receive a little help, and many who are not sincere will join them. 35 Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined, purified and made spotless until the time of the end, for it will still come at the appointed time.

The King Who Exalts Himself

36 “The king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for what has been determined must take place. 37 He will show no regard for the gods of his ancestors or for the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god, but will exalt himself above them all. 38 Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses; a god unknown to his ancestors he will honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts. 39 He will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a foreign god and will greatly honor those who acknowledge him. He will make them rulers over many people and will distribute the land at a price.[d]

40 “At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood. 41 He will also invade the Beautiful Land. Many countries will fall, but Edom, Moab and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered from his hand. 42 He will extend his power over many countries; Egypt will not escape. 43 He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans and Cushites[e] in submission. 44 But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many. 45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at[f] the beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.


  1. Daniel 11:6 Or offspring
  2. Daniel 11:6 Or child (see Vulgate and Syriac)
  3. Daniel 11:17 Or but she
  4. Daniel 11:39 Or land for a reward
  5. Daniel 11:43 That is, people from the upper Nile region
  6. Daniel 11:45 Or the sea and
New International Version (NIV)

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