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Exodus 19:16-18 New English Translation (NET Bible)

16 On[a] the third day in the morning there was thunder and lightning and a dense[b] cloud on the mountain, and the sound of a very loud[c] horn;[d] all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17 Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their place at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was completely covered with smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire, and its smoke went up like the smoke of a great furnace,[e] and the whole mountain shook[f] violently.


  1. Exodus 19:16 tn Heb “and it was on.”
  2. Exodus 19:16 tn Heb “heavy” (כָּבֵד, kaved).
  3. Exodus 19:16 tn Literally “strong” (חָזָק, khazaq).
  4. Exodus 19:16 tn The word here is שֹׁפָר (shofar), the normal word for “horn.” This word is used especially to announce something important in a public event (see 1 Kgs 1:34; 2 Sam 6:15). The previous word used in the context (v. 16) was יֹבֵל (yovel, “ram’s horn”).
  5. Exodus 19:18 sn The image is that of a large kiln, as in Gen 19:28.
  6. Exodus 19:18 tn This is the same word translated “trembled” above (v. 16).
New English Translation (NET)

NET Bible® copyright ©1996-2017 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. http://netbible.com All rights reserved.


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