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Exodus 21:12-35 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Personal Injuries

12 He who strikes someone so that he dies shall certainly be put to death. 13 Yet [a]if he did not lie in wait for him, but God caused him to fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee. 14 If, however, someone is enraged against his neighbor, so as to kill him in a cunning way, you are to take him even from My altar, to be put to death.

15 “And one who strikes his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death.

16 “Now one who [b]kidnaps someone, whether he sells him or he is found in his [c]possession, shall certainly be put to death.

17 “And one who curses his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death.

18 “Now if people have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with a fist, and he does not die but [d]is confined to bed, 19 if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his [e]loss of time, and [f]shall pay for his care until he is completely healed.

20 “And if someone strikes his male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies [g]at his hand, he shall [h]be punished. 21 If, however, the slave [i]survives a day or two, no vengeance shall be taken; for the slave is his [j]property.

22 “Now if people struggle with each other and strike a pregnant woman so that [k]she gives birth prematurely, but there is no injury, the guilty person shall certainly be fined as the woman’s husband [l]may demand of him, and he shall pay [m]as the judges decide. 23 But if there is any further injury, then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, [n]bruise for bruise.

26 “And if someone strikes the eye of his male or female slave and destroys it, he shall let [o]the slave go free on account of the eye. 27 And if he [p]knocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, he shall let [q]the slave go free on account of the tooth.

28 “Now if an ox gores a man or a woman [r]to death, the ox shall certainly be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished. 29 If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death. 30 If a ransom is [s]demanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is [t]demanded of him. 31 Whether it gores a son or [u]a daughter, it shall be done to him according to [v]the same rule. 32 If the ox gores a male or female slave, [w]the owner shall give his or her master [x]thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Property Rights

33 “Now if someone opens a pit, or [y]digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall [z]give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.

35 “And if someone’s ox injures another’s ox so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide its proceeds equally; and they shall also divide the dead ox.

Footnotes:

  1. Exodus 21:13 Lit he who
  2. Exodus 21:16 Lit steals
  3. Exodus 21:16 Lit hand
  4. Exodus 21:18 Lit lies in
  5. Exodus 21:19 Lit his sitting
  6. Exodus 21:19 Lit healing, he shall cause to be healed
  7. Exodus 21:20 Lit under
  8. Exodus 21:20 Lit suffer vengeance
  9. Exodus 21:21 Lit stands
  10. Exodus 21:21 Lit money
  11. Exodus 21:22 Or an untimely birth occurs; lit her children come out
  12. Exodus 21:22 Lit lays on him
  13. Exodus 21:22 Lit by arbitration
  14. Exodus 21:25 Lit welt
  15. Exodus 21:26 Lit him go...his eye
  16. Exodus 21:27 Lit causes to fall
  17. Exodus 21:27 Lit him go...his tooth
  18. Exodus 21:28 Lit so that he dies
  19. Exodus 21:30 Lit laid on him
  20. Exodus 21:30 Lit laid on him
  21. Exodus 21:31 Lit gores a daughter
  22. Exodus 21:31 Lit this judgment
  23. Exodus 21:32 Lit he
  24. Exodus 21:32 About 15 oz. or 425 gm
  25. Exodus 21:33 Lit if a man digs
  26. Exodus 21:34 Lit give back
New American Standard Bible (NASB)

New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1971, 1977, 1995, 2020 by The Lockman Foundation. All rights reserved.

Exodus 21:12-35 New International Version (NIV)

Personal Injuries

12 “Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death. 13 However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place I will designate. 14 But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately, that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.

15 “Anyone who attacks[a] their father or mother is to be put to death.

16 “Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death, whether the victim has been sold or is still in the kidnapper’s possession.

17 “Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.

18 “If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist[b] and the victim does not die but is confined to bed, 19 the one who struck the blow will not be held liable if the other can get up and walk around outside with a staff; however, the guilty party must pay the injured person for any loss of time and see that the victim is completely healed.

20 “Anyone who beats their male or female slave with a rod must be punished if the slave dies as a direct result, 21 but they are not to be punished if the slave recovers after a day or two, since the slave is their property.

22 “If people are fighting and hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely[c] but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman’s husband demands and the court allows. 23 But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

26 “An owner who hits a male or female slave in the eye and destroys it must let the slave go free to compensate for the eye. 27 And an owner who knocks out the tooth of a male or female slave must let the slave go free to compensate for the tooth.

28 “If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death, and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible. 29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death. 30 However, if payment is demanded, the owner may redeem his life by the payment of whatever is demanded. 31 This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter. 32 If the bull gores a male or female slave, the owner must pay thirty shekels[d] of silver to the master of the slave, and the bull is to be stoned to death.

33 “If anyone uncovers a pit or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the one who opened the pit must pay the owner for the loss and take the dead animal in exchange.

35 “If anyone’s bull injures someone else’s bull and it dies, the two parties are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally.

Footnotes:

  1. Exodus 21:15 Or kills
  2. Exodus 21:18 Or with a tool
  3. Exodus 21:22 Or she has a miscarriage
  4. Exodus 21:32 That is, about 12 ounces or about 345 grams
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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