Exodus 13 New English Translation (NET Bible)
The Law of the Firstborn
3 Moses said to the people, “Remember[f] this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved,[g] for the Lord brought you out of there[h] with a mighty hand—and no bread made with yeast may be eaten.[i] 4 On this day,[j] in the month of Abib,[k] you are going out.[l]
5 “When[m] the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey,[n] then you will keep[o] this ceremony[p] in this month. 6 For seven days[q] you must eat[r] bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be[s] a festival to the Lord. 7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten[t] for seven days;[u] no bread made with yeast shall be seen[v] among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.
8 “You are to tell your son[w] on that day,[x] ‘It is[y] because of what[z] the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 [aa] It[ab] will be a sign[ac] for you on your hand and a memorial[ad] on your forehead,[ae] so that the law of the Lord may be[af] in your mouth,[ag] for[ah] with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 10 So you must keep[ai] this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year.[aj]
11 “When the Lord brings you[ak] into the land of the Canaanites,[al] as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it[am] to you, 12 then you must give over[an] to the Lord the first offspring of every womb.[ao] Every firstling[ap] of a beast that you have[aq]—the males will be the Lord’s.[ar] 13 Every firstling[as] of a donkey you must redeem[at] with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck.[au] Every firstborn of[av] your sons you must redeem.
14 [aw] “In the future,[ax] when your son asks you[ay] ‘What is this?’[az] you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand[ba] the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery.[bb] 15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused[bc] to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals.[bd] That is why I am sacrificing[be] to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets[bf] on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.”[bg]
The Leading of God
17 [bh] When Pharaoh released[bi] the people, God did not lead them[bj] by the way to the land[bk] of the Philistines,[bl] although[bm] that was nearby, for God said,[bn] “Lest[bo] the people change their minds[bp] and return to Egypt when they experience[bq] war.” 18 So God brought the people around by the way of the wilderness to the Red Sea,[br] and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle.[bs]
19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph[bt] had made the Israelites solemnly swear,[bu] “God will surely attend to[bv] you, and you will carry[bw] my bones up from this place with you.”
20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light,[bx] so that they could[by] travel day or night.[bz] 22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people.[ca]