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Ezekiel 27 Expanded Bible (EXB)

A Funeral Song for Tyre

27 The ·Lord spoke his word [L word of the Lord came] to me, saying: “·Human [T Son of man; 2:1], sing a ·funeral song [lament; dirge] for the city of Tyre. Speak to Tyre, which ·has ports for the Mediterranean Sea [L sits at the gateway to the Sea] and is a ·place for trade [merchant] for the people of many coastlands. ‘This is what the Lord God says:

Tyre, you have said,
“I am ·like a beautiful ship [L perfect in beauty].”

·You were at home on [L Your borders were in the heart of] the high seas.
Your builders made your beauty perfect.

They made all your boards
    of fir trees from ·Mount Hermon [L Senir].
They took a cedar tree from Lebanon
    to make a ship’s mast for you.

They made your oars
    from oak trees from Bashan.
They made your deck
    from cypress trees from the coast of ·Cyprus [L Kittim]
·and set ivory into it [inlaid with ivory].

Your sail of ·linen with designs sewed on it [embroidered linen] came from Egypt
    and ·became like a flag for you [served as your banner].
Your ·cloth shades over the deck [awnings] were blue and purple
    and came from the ·island [coastlands] of ·Cyprus [L Elisha; C a city on the east side of Cyprus and an older name for the island].
·Men [Residents; or Leaders] from Sidon [C a major city twenty-five miles north of Tyre] and Arvad [C a city on the Phoenician coast, north of Sidon] used oars to row you.
    Tyre, your skilled men were ·the sailors [or captains; pilots] on your deck.
·Workers [or Veteran craftsmen; L Elders] of Byblos were with you,
    putting caulk in your ship’s seams.
All the ships of the sea and their sailors
    came alongside to trade with you.

10 “‘Men of Persia, ·Lydia [L Lud; C a city in Asia Minor], and ·Put [C present-day Libya, in North Africa]
    were warriors in your ·navy [army]
and hung their shields and helmets on your sides.
    They ·made you look beautiful [gave you splendor].

11 Men of Arvad [v. 8] and ·Cilicia [L Helech; C southeast Asia Minor]
    guarded your city walls all around.
Men of Gammad [C an unknown location, perhaps northern Asia Minor]
    were in your watchtowers

and hung their shields around your walls.
They made your beauty perfect.

12 “‘People of Tarshish [C probably in southern Spain; Jonah 1:3] became traders for you because of your great wealth. They ·traded [exchanged] your goods for silver, iron, tin, and lead.

13 “‘People of ·Greece [L Javan], Tubal, and Meshech [C both in Asia Minor; 32:26] became merchants for you. They traded your goods for slaves and items of bronze.

14 “‘People of Beth Togarmah [C eastern Asia Minor; present-day Armenia] traded your goods for ·work [or chariot] horses, war horses [C either chariot of cavalry horses], and mules.

15 “‘·People of [L Sons of] Rhodes[a] [C an island off southwest coast of Asia Minor] became merchants for you, selling your goods on many coastlands. They brought back ivory tusks and ·valuable black wood [ebony] as your payment.

16 “‘People of Aram[b] [C Syria] ·became traders for [did business with] you, because you had so many good things to sell. They traded your goods for turquoise, purple cloth, ·cloth with designs sewed on [embroidered work], fine linen, coral, and rubies.

17 “‘People of Judah and Israel became merchants for you. They traded your goods for wheat from Minnith [C a town in Ammon, east of the Jordan River], and for ·meal [millet], honey, olive oil, and balm.

“‘People of Damascus [C the capital of Aram (Syria)] became traders for you because you have many good things and great wealth. They traded your goods for wine from Helbon [C a town north of Damascus], wool from Zahar [C an area northwest of Damascus], and barrels of wine[c] from Izal [C possibly present-day Yemen]. They received wrought iron, cassia [C a tree similar to the cinnamon tree; Ex. 30:24], and ·sugar cane [or calamus; C a fragrant reed] in payment for your ·good things [wares; merchandise].

20 “‘People of Dedan [C a territory in southern Edom] became merchants for you, trading saddle blankets for riding.

21 “‘People of Arabia and all the ·rulers [princes] of Kedar became traders for you. They received lambs, ·male sheep [rams], and goats in payment for you.

22 “‘The merchants of Sheba [C the southwestern Arabian peninsula, present-day Yemen] and Raamah [C a city in southern Arabia] became merchants for you. They traded your goods for all the best spices, ·valuable gems [precious stones], and gold.

23 “‘People of Haran [C a city in present-day eastern Turkey], Canneh [C unknown location], Eden [C in Mesopotamia near Haran], and the traders of Sheba [v. 22], Asshur [C a city south of Nineveh], and Kilmad [C an unknown location] became merchants for you. 24 They were paid with the best clothes, blue cloth, ·cloth with designs sewed on [embroidered work], carpets of many colors, ·and tightly wound ropes [or rolled up and tied with cords; or made of tightly knotted cords].

25 “‘·Trading ships [or The ships of Tarshish]
    carried ·the things you sold [your merchandise].
You were like a ship full of heavy cargo
    in the ·middle [L heart] of the sea.

26 The men who rowed you
    brought you out into the high seas,
but the east wind broke you to pieces
    in the ·middle [L heart] of the sea.

27 Your wealth, your ·trade [products], your goods,
    your seamen, your ·sailors [or captains], your ·workers [or caulkers],
your traders, your ·warriors [soldiers],
    and everyone else on board
sank into the ·sea [L heart of the sea]
    on the day ·your ship was wrecked [L of your fall].

28 The ·people on the shore shake with fear [L countryside shakes; or waves surge]
when your ·sailors [or captains] cry out.

29 All the men who row
    ·leave [disembark from; or abandon] their ships;
the seamen and the ·sailors [or captains] of other ships
    stand on the shore.

30 They cry loudly about you;
    they cry ·very much [bitterly].
They throw dust on their heads
    and roll in ashes.

31 They shave their heads for you,
    and they put on ·rough cloth [burlap; sackcloth; C signs of sorrow and distress].
They ·cry and sob for you [weep over you with bitter souls];
    they ·cry loudly [mourn bitterly].

32 And in their ·loud crying [wailing]
    they sing a ·funeral song [lament; dirge] for you:
“·No one was ever destroyed [L Who was…?] like Tyre,
    ·surrounded by [or like a tower in the middle of; or now silent in the midst of] the sea.”

33 When the goods you traded went out over the seas,
    you ·met the needs of [satisfied] many nations.
With your great wealth and ·goods [merchandise],
    you made kings of the earth rich.

34 But now you are ·broken [shipwrecked; shattered] by the sea
    ·and have sunk to the bottom [L in the depths of the waters].
Your ·goods [merchandise] and all the people on board
    have gone down with you.

35 All those who live along the ·shore [coastland]
    are ·shocked [appalled; aghast] by what happened to you.
Their kings are ·terribly afraid [horrified],
    and their faces ·show their fear [are troubled/contorted].

36 The traders among the nations hiss at you.
    You have ·come to a terrible end [or become a horror],
and you are gone forever.’”


  1. Ezekiel 27:15 Rhodes Greek copies read “Rhodes.” Hebrew copies read “Dedan.”
  2. Ezekiel 27:16 Aram Some Hebrew copies read “Edom.”
  3. Ezekiel 27:18 barrels of wine Some Hebrew copies read “Vedan and Javan.”
Expanded Bible (EXB)

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