3 The sons of Gomer were[a] Ashkenaz,[b] Riphath,[c] and Togarmah.[d]
Genesis 10:3sn The descendants of Gomer were all northern tribes of the Upper Euphrates.
Genesis 10:3snAshkenaz was the ancestor of a northern branch of Indo-Germanic tribes, possibly Scythians. For discussion see E. M. Yamauchi, Foes from the Northern Frontier (SBA), 63.
Genesis 10:3sn The descendants of Riphath lived in a district north of the road from Haran to Carchemish.
Genesis 10:3snTogarmah is also mentioned in Ezek 38:6, where it refers to Til-garimmu, the capital of Kammanu, which bordered Tabal in eastern Turkey. See E. M. Yamauchi, Foes from the Northern Frontier (SBA), 26, n. 28.
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