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Genesis 10:3 New English Translation (NET Bible)

The sons of Gomer were[a] Ashkenaz,[b] Riphath,[c] and Togarmah.[d]

Footnotes:

  1. Genesis 10:3 sn The descendants of Gomer were all northern tribes of the Upper Euphrates.
  2. Genesis 10:3 sn Ashkenaz was the ancestor of a northern branch of Indo-Germanic tribes, possibly Scythians. For discussion see E. M. Yamauchi, Foes from the Northern Frontier (SBA), 63.
  3. Genesis 10:3 sn The descendants of Riphath lived in a district north of the road from Haran to Carchemish.
  4. Genesis 10:3 sn Togarmah is also mentioned in Ezek 38:6, where it refers to Til-garimmu, the capital of Kammanu, which bordered Tabal in eastern Turkey. See E. M. Yamauchi, Foes from the Northern Frontier (SBA), 26, n. 28.
New English Translation (NET)

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Genesis 10:3 New International Version (NIV)

The sons of Gomer:

Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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