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Genesis 10:13-15 New English Translation (NET Bible)

13 Mizraim[a] was the father of[b] the Ludites,[c] Anamites,[d] Lehabites,[e] Naphtuhites,[f] 14 Pathrusites,[g] Casluhites[h] (from whom the Philistines came),[i] and Caphtorites.[j]

15 Canaan was the father of[k] Sidon his firstborn,[l] Heth,[m]


  1. Genesis 10:13 sn Mizraim is the Hebrew name for Egypt (cf. NRSV).
  2. Genesis 10:13 tn Heb “fathered.”
  3. Genesis 10:13 sn The Ludites were African tribes west of the Nile Delta.
  4. Genesis 10:13 sn The Anamites lived in North Africa, west of Egypt, near Cyrene.
  5. Genesis 10:13 sn The Lehabites are identified with the Libyans.
  6. Genesis 10:13 sn The Naphtuhites lived in Lower Egypt (the Nile Delta region).
  7. Genesis 10:14 sn The Pathrusites are known in Egyptian as P-to-reshi; they resided in Upper Egypt.
  8. Genesis 10:14 sn The Casluhites lived in Crete and eventually settled east of the Egyptian Delta, between Egypt and Canaan.
  9. Genesis 10:14 tn Several commentators prefer to reverse the order of the words to put this clause after the next word, since the Philistines came from Crete (where the Caphtorites lived). But the table may suggest migration rather than lineage, and the Philistines, like the Israelites, came through the Nile Delta region of Egypt. For further discussion of the origin and migration of the Philistines, see D. M. Howard, “Philistines,” Peoples of the Old Testament World, 232.
  10. Genesis 10:14 sn The Caphtorites resided in Crete, but in Egyptian literature Caphtor refers to “the region beyond” the Mediterranean.
  11. Genesis 10:15 tn Heb “fathered.”
  12. Genesis 10:15 sn Sidon was the foremost city in Phoenicia; here Sidon may be the name of its founder.
  13. Genesis 10:15 tn Some see a reference to “Hittites” here (cf. NIV), but this seems unlikely. See the note on the phrase “sons of Heth” in Gen 23:3.
New English Translation (NET)

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