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Genesis 49 1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

49 1 Jacob blesseth all his sons by name. 10 He telleth them that Christ shall come out of Judah. 29 He will be buried with his fathers. 33 He dieth.

Then Jacob called his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall come to you in the [a]last days.

Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob, and hearken unto Israel your father.

¶ Reuben mine eldest son, thou art my [b]might, and the beginning of my strength, [c]the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

Thou wast light as water: thou shalt not be excellent, because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed: [d]then diddest thou defile my bed, thy dignity is gone.

¶ Simeon and Levi, brethren in evil, [e]the instruments of cruelty are in their habitations.

Into their secret let not my soul come: my [f]glory be not thou joined with their assembly: for in their wrath they slew a [g]man, and in their self-will they dug down a wall.

Cursed be their wrath, for it was fierce, and their rage, for it was cruel: I will [h]divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.

¶ Thou Judah, thy brethren shall praise thee: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies: thy father’s son shall [i]bow down before unto thee.

Judah as a Lion’s whelp shalt thou come up from the spoil, my son. He shall lie down and couch a Lion, and as a Lioness: [j]Who shall stir him up?

10 The [k]Sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a Lawgiver from between his feet, until [l]Shiloh come, and the people shall be gathered unto him.

11 He shall bind his Ass foal unto the [m]vine, and his ass’s colt unto the best vine. He shall wash his garment in wine, and his cloak in the blood of grapes.

12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.

13 ¶ Zebulun shall dwell by the seaside, and he shall be an haven for ships: and his border shall be unto Sidon.

14 ¶ Issachar shall be [n][o]a strong ass, couching down between two burdens:

15 And he shall see that rest is good, and that the land is pleasant, and he shall bow his shoulder to bear, and shall be subject unto tribute.

16 ¶ Dan [p]shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.

17 Dan shall be a [q]serpent by the way, an adder by the path, biting the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.

18 [r]O Lord, I have waited for thy salvation.

19 ¶ Gad, a host of men shall overcome him, but he shall overcome at the last.

20 ¶ Concerning Asher, his [s]bread shall be fat, and he shall give pleasures for a king.

21 ¶ Naphtali shall be a hind let go, giving [t]goodly words.

22 ¶ Joseph shall be [u]a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by the well side: the [v]small boughs shall turn upon the wall:

23 [w]And the archers grieved him, and shot against him, and hated him.

24 But his bow abode strong, and the hands of his arms were strengthened, by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob, of whom was the feeder appointed by the [x]stone of Israel,

25 Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee, and by the almighty, who shall bless thee with heavenly blessings from above, with blessings of the deep that lieth beneath, with blessings of the breasts, and of the womb.

26 The blessings of thy father shall be [y]stronger than the blessings of mine elders: unto the end of the hills of the world they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the top of the head of him that was [z]separated from his brethren.

27 ¶ Benjamin shall raven as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.

28 ¶ All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and thus their father spake unto them, and blessed them: every one of them blessed he with a several blessing.

29 And he charged them and said unto them, I am ready to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave, that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,

30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, besides Mamre in the land of Canaan: which cave Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession to bury in.

31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife: there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife: and there I buried Leah.

32 The purchase of the field and the cave that is therein, was bought of the children of Heth.

33 Thus Jacob made an end of giving charge to his sons, and [aa]plucked his feet into the bed, and gave up the ghost, and was gathered to his people.


  1. Genesis 49:1 When God shall bring you out of Egypt, and because that he speaketh of the Messiah, he nameth it the last days.
  2. Genesis 49:3 Begotten in my youth.
  3. Genesis 49:3 If thou hadst not lost thy birthright by thine offense.
  4. Genesis 49:4 Or, it ceased to be my bed.
  5. Genesis 49:5 Or, their swords were instruments of violence.
  6. Genesis 49:6 Or, tongue: meaning that he neither consented to them in word nor thought.
  7. Genesis 49:6 The Shechemites, Gen. 34:26.
  8. Genesis 49:7 For Levi had no part, and Simeon was under Judah, Josh. 19:1, till God gave them the place of the Amalekites, 1 Chron. 4:43.
  9. Genesis 49:8 As was verified in David and Christ.
  10. Genesis 49:9 His enemies shall so fear him.
  11. Genesis 49:10 Or, Kingdom.
  12. Genesis 49:10 Which is Christ the Messiah, the giver of prosperity who shall call the Gentiles to salvation.
  13. Genesis 49:11 A country most abundant with vines and pastures is promised him.
  14. Genesis 49:14 Hebrew, an ass of great bones.
  15. Genesis 49:14 His force shall be great, but he shall want courage to resist his enemies.
  16. Genesis 49:16 Shall have the honor of a tribe.
  17. Genesis 49:17 That is, full of subtlety.
  18. Genesis 49:18 Seeing the miseries that his posterity should fall into, he bursteth out in prayer to God to remedy it.
  19. Genesis 49:20 He shall abound in corn and pleasant fruits.
  20. Genesis 49:21 Overcoming more by fair words than by force.
  21. Genesis 49:22 Hebrew, a son of increase.
  22. Genesis 49:22 Hebrew, daughters.
  23. Genesis 49:23 As his brethren when they were his enemies, Potiphar and others.
  24. Genesis 49:24 That is God.
  25. Genesis 49:26 Inasmuch as he was more near to the accomplishment of the promise, and it had been more often confirmed.
  26. Genesis 49:26 Either in dignity, or when he was sold from his brethren.
  27. Genesis 49:33 Whereby is signified how quietly he died.
1599 Geneva Bible (GNV)

Geneva Bible, 1599 Edition. Published by Tolle Lege Press. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without written permission from the publisher, except in the case of brief quotations in articles, reviews, and broadcasts.

Genesis 49 New International Version (NIV)

Jacob Blesses His Sons

49 Then Jacob called for his sons and said: “Gather around so I can tell you what will happen to you in days to come.

“Assemble and listen, sons of Jacob;
    listen to your father Israel.

“Reuben, you are my firstborn,
    my might, the first sign of my strength,
    excelling in honor, excelling in power.
Turbulent as the waters, you will no longer excel,
    for you went up onto your father’s bed,
    onto my couch and defiled it.

“Simeon and Levi are brothers—
    their swords[a] are weapons of violence.
Let me not enter their council,
    let me not join their assembly,
for they have killed men in their anger
    and hamstrung oxen as they pleased.
Cursed be their anger, so fierce,
    and their fury, so cruel!
I will scatter them in Jacob
    and disperse them in Israel.

“Judah,[b] your brothers will praise you;
    your hand will be on the neck of your enemies;
    your father’s sons will bow down to you.
You are a lion’s cub, Judah;
    you return from the prey, my son.
Like a lion he crouches and lies down,
    like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?
10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
    nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,[c]
until he to whom it belongs[d] shall come
    and the obedience of the nations shall be his.
11 He will tether his donkey to a vine,
    his colt to the choicest branch;
he will wash his garments in wine,
    his robes in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes will be darker than wine,
    his teeth whiter than milk.[e]

13 “Zebulun will live by the seashore
    and become a haven for ships;
    his border will extend toward Sidon.

14 “Issachar is a rawboned[f] donkey
    lying down among the sheep pens.[g]
15 When he sees how good is his resting place
    and how pleasant is his land,
he will bend his shoulder to the burden
    and submit to forced labor.

16 “Dan[h] will provide justice for his people
    as one of the tribes of Israel.
17 Dan will be a snake by the roadside,
    a viper along the path,
that bites the horse’s heels
    so that its rider tumbles backward.

18 “I look for your deliverance, Lord.

19 “Gad[i] will be attacked by a band of raiders,
    but he will attack them at their heels.

20 “Asher’s food will be rich;
    he will provide delicacies fit for a king.

21 “Naphtali is a doe set free
    that bears beautiful fawns.[j]

22 “Joseph is a fruitful vine,
    a fruitful vine near a spring,
    whose branches climb over a wall.[k]
23 With bitterness archers attacked him;
    they shot at him with hostility.
24 But his bow remained steady,
    his strong arms stayed[l] limber,
because of the hand of the Mighty One of Jacob,
    because of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel,
25 because of your father’s God, who helps you,
    because of the Almighty,[m] who blesses you
with blessings of the skies above,
    blessings of the deep springs below,
    blessings of the breast and womb.
26 Your father’s blessings are greater
    than the blessings of the ancient mountains,
    than[n] the bounty of the age-old hills.
Let all these rest on the head of Joseph,
    on the brow of the prince among[o] his brothers.

27 “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf;
    in the morning he devours the prey,
    in the evening he divides the plunder.”

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them when he blessed them, giving each the blessing appropriate to him.

The Death of Jacob

29 Then he gave them these instructions: “I am about to be gathered to my people. Bury me with my fathers in the cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 the cave in the field of Machpelah, near Mamre in Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field as a burial place from Ephron the Hittite. 31 There Abraham and his wife Sarah were buried, there Isaac and his wife Rebekah were buried, and there I buried Leah. 32 The field and the cave in it were bought from the Hittites.[p]

33 When Jacob had finished giving instructions to his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed, breathed his last and was gathered to his people.


  1. Genesis 49:5 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  2. Genesis 49:8 Judah sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for praise.
  3. Genesis 49:10 Or from his descendants
  4. Genesis 49:10 Or to whom tribute belongs; the meaning of the Hebrew for this phrase is uncertain.
  5. Genesis 49:12 Or will be dull from wine, / his teeth white from milk
  6. Genesis 49:14 Or strong
  7. Genesis 49:14 Or the campfires; or the saddlebags
  8. Genesis 49:16 Dan here means he provides justice.
  9. Genesis 49:19 Gad sounds like the Hebrew for attack and also for band of raiders.
  10. Genesis 49:21 Or free; / he utters beautiful words
  11. Genesis 49:22 Or Joseph is a wild colt, / a wild colt near a spring, / a wild donkey on a terraced hill
  12. Genesis 49:24 Or archers will attack … will shoot … will remain … will stay
  13. Genesis 49:25 Hebrew Shaddai
  14. Genesis 49:26 Or of my progenitors, / as great as
  15. Genesis 49:26 Or of the one separated from
  16. Genesis 49:32 Or the descendants of Heth
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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