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Isaiah 1 International Standard Version (ISV)

The Vision of Isaiah

This[a] is the vision that Amoz’s son Isaiah[b] had about Judah and Jerusalem during the reigns[c] of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

Rebellious Judah

Listen, you heavens,
    and let the[d] earth pay attention,
        because the Lord has spoken:

“I reared children
    and brought them to adulthood,
        but then they rebelled against me.
The ox knows its owner,
    and the donkey its master’s feeding trough,
but[e] Israel doesn’t know,
    and[f] my people don’t understand.

“Oh, you sinful nation!
    You people burdened down by iniquity!
You offspring of those who keep practicing what is evil!
    You corrupt children!

“They’ve abandoned the Lord;
    they’ve despised the Holy One of Israel;
        in their estrangement, they’ve walked away from me.[g]

“Why will you still be struck down?
    Why will you continue to rebel?
Your whole head is sick,
    and your whole heart is faint.
From the sole of your foot to the top of your head,
    there’s no soundness evident[h]
only bruises, sores,
    and festering wounds
that haven’t been cleaned out,
    bandaged, or treated[i] with oil.”

God’s Diagnosis

“Your country lies desolate;
    your cities have been incinerated.
Before your very eyes,
    foreigners are devouring your land—
they’ve brought devastation on it,[j]
    while the land is[k] overthrown by foreigners.

“The daughter of Zion is left abandoned,
    like a booth in a vineyard,
like a hut in a cucumber field,
    or like a city under siege.
If the Lord of the Heavenly Armies
    hadn’t left us a few survivors,
we would be like Sodom;
    we would be like Gomorrah.

10 “Listen to what the Lord says,
    you rulers of Sodom,
and[l] pay attention to the teaching of our God,
    you people of Gomorrah!

11 “How do your voluminous sacrifices benefit me?”
    the Lord is asking.
“I’ve had enough of burnt offerings of rams
    and the fat of well-fed beasts.
I don’t enjoy the blood of bulls,
    lambs, or goats.

12 “When you come to present yourselves in my presence,[m]
    who has required you
        to trample on my courts?
13 Stop bringing useless offerings!
    Incense is detestable to me,
as are your New Moons, Sabbaths, and calling of convocations.
    I cannot stand iniquity within[n] a solemn assembly.
14 As for your New Moons and your appointed festivals,
    I abhor[o] them.
They’ve become a burden to me;
    I’ve grown weary of carrying that burden.[p]
15 When you spread out your hands in prayer,[q]
    I’ll hide my eyes from you.
Even though you pray repeatedly,
    I won’t listen.
Your hands are full of blood,
    your fingers drenched[r] with iniquity.”[s]

An Invitation to Reconciliation

16 “Wash yourselves,
    and[t] make yourselves clean;
remove your evil behavior
    from my presence;
        stop practicing what is evil.
17 Learn to practice what is good;
    seek justice,
alleviate oppression,[u]
    defend orphans[v] in court,
        and[w] plead the widow’s case.

18 “Please come,
    and let’s reason together,” implores the Lord.
“Even though your[x] sins are like scarlet,
    they’ll be white like snow.
Though they’re like crimson,[y]
    they’ll become like wool.
19 If you’re willing and obedient,
    you’ll eat the best that the land produces;
20 but[z] if you refuse and rebel,
    you’ll be devoured by the sword,[aa]
        because the Lord[ab] has spoken.”

Diagnosis and Judgment

21 “How the faithful city
    has become a whore,
        she who used to be filled with justice!
Righteousness used to reside within her,
    but now only murderers live there.
22 Your silver has[ac] become dross,
    your best wine is diluted with water.
23 Your princes are rebels
    and companions of thieves.
All of them are lovers of[ad] bribes
    and are runners[ae] after gifts.
They don’t bring justice to orphans,[af]
    and the widow’s case never comes up for review in their court.”[ag]

Restoration and Redemption

24 Therefore this is what the Lord God of the Heavenly Armies,
    the one who is Israel’s Mighty One, declares:

“Now I’ll get relief from his[ah] enemies
    and avenge myself on his[ai] foes.
25 When I turn[aj] my attention to you,[ak]
    I’ll refine your dross as in a furnace.[al]
        I’ll remove[am] all your alloy.
26 Let me restore[an] your judges as at the first,
    and your counselors as at the beginning.
Afterward you’ll be called ‘The Righteous City’
    and ‘The Faithful City of Zion’.[ao]

27 “Zion[ap] will be redeemed by justice,
    and her repentant ones[aq] by righteousness.
28 Rebels and sinners will be broken together,
    and those who forsake the Lord will be consumed.
29 They’ll be ashamed of the oak trees
    that you desired;
and you’ll blush because of the gardens
    that you have chosen.
30 You’ll be like an oak
    whose leaf is withering,
        like an unwatered garden.
31 Your[ar] strong one[as] will be like tinder,
    and your work[at] a spark;
both of them will burn together,
    with no one to quench the flames that burn[au] them.”


  1. Isaiah 1:1 This book has been translated from the Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa) of the DSS. The MT, LXX, Syr, Targ, and other ancient texts are compared in footnotes where they may vary from 1QIsaa and other DSS mss. Some of these ancient readings were incorporated instead of the DSS Isaiah text.
  2. Isaiah 1:1 The Heb. name Isaiah means The Lord has saved
  3. Isaiah 1:1 Lit. days
  4. Isaiah 1:2 So 1QIsaa; the Heb. lacks the
  5. Isaiah 1:3 So 4QIsaj; 1QIsaa MT lack but
  6. Isaiah 1:3 So 4QIsaj; 1QIsaa MT lack and
  7. Isaiah 1:4 Lit. they’ve gone back
  8. Isaiah 1:6 Lit. soundness in it
  9. Isaiah 1:6 Or softened
  10. Isaiah 1:7 So 1QIsaa; MurIsa MT LXX read Devastated
  11. Isaiah 1:7 DSS MT lack the land is
  12. Isaiah 1:10 So 1:10 1QIsaa Syr; MT LXX Targ Vulgate lack and
  13. Isaiah 1:12 Lit. come for my face to appear
  14. Isaiah 1:13 Lit. and
  15. Isaiah 1:14 Lit. festivals, my soul abhors
  16. Isaiah 1:14 Lit. carrying them
  17. Isaiah 1:15 DSS MT lack in prayer
  18. Isaiah 1:15 DSS lack drenched
  19. Isaiah 1:15 MT 4QIsaf lack this line
  20. Isaiah 1:16 So 1QIsaa; 4QIsaf MT lack and
  21. Isaiah 1:17 Or rescue the oppressed
  22. Isaiah 1:17 Or defend the fatherless
  23. Isaiah 1:17 DSS MT lack and
  24. Isaiah 1:18 Lit. your (pl.)
  25. Isaiah 1:18 So 1QIsaa LXX; 4QIsaf MT read they’re red like crimson
  26. Isaiah 1:20 So 1QIsaa LXX Targ Syr; 4QIsaf lacks but
  27. Isaiah 1:20 So 1QIsaa Targ Syr; LXX reads the sword will devour you
  28. Isaiah 1:20 Lit. Lord’s mouth
  29. Isaiah 1:22 So MT; 1QIsaa reads have
  30. Isaiah 1:23 So 1QIsaa LXX; MT reads Everyone loves
  31. Isaiah 1:23 So 1QIsaa LXX; MT reads and run
  32. Isaiah 1:23 Or to the fatherless
  33. Isaiah 1:23 Lit. comes before them
  34. Isaiah 1:24 So 1QIsaa; 4QIsaf MT LXX Vulgate read my
  35. Isaiah 1:24 So 1QIsaa; LXX MT read my
  36. Isaiah 1:25 So 1QIsaa; LXX MT read And let me turn
  37. Isaiah 1:25 Lit. my hand against you
  38. Isaiah 1:25 1QIsaa lacks as in a furnace; MT reads as lye
  39. Isaiah 1:25 So 1QIsaa 4QIsaf; MT reads Let me remove
  40. Isaiah 1:26 1QIsaa MT; 4QIsaf reads I will restore
  41. Isaiah 1:26 So LXX; the Heb. lacks Zion
  42. Isaiah 1:27 So MT; 1QIsaa reading unclear
  43. Isaiah 1:27 So 1QIsaa MT 4QIsaf; LXX reads her captivity
  44. Isaiah 1:31 Lit. Your (pl.); so 1QIsaa Vulgate. The
  45. Isaiah 1:31 LXX MT read Their strength
  46. Isaiah 1:31 So 1QIsaa; MT reads their work; LXX reads their deeds
  47. Isaiah 1:31 DSS MT lack the flames that burn
International Standard Version (ISV)

Copyright © 1995-2014 by ISV Foundation. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC.

Isaiah 1 New International Version (NIV)

The vision concerning Judah and Jerusalem that Isaiah son of Amoz saw during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

A Rebellious Nation

Hear me, you heavens! Listen, earth!
    For the Lord has spoken:
“I reared children and brought them up,
    but they have rebelled against me.
The ox knows its master,
    the donkey its owner’s manger,
but Israel does not know,
    my people do not understand.

Woe to the sinful nation,
    a people whose guilt is great,
a brood of evildoers,
    children given to corruption!
They have forsaken the Lord;
    they have spurned the Holy One of Israel
    and turned their backs on him.

Why should you be beaten anymore?
    Why do you persist in rebellion?
Your whole head is injured,
    your whole heart afflicted.
From the sole of your foot to the top of your head
    there is no soundness
only wounds and welts
    and open sores,
not cleansed or bandaged
    or soothed with olive oil.

Your country is desolate,
    your cities burned with fire;
your fields are being stripped by foreigners
    right before you,
    laid waste as when overthrown by strangers.
Daughter Zion is left
    like a shelter in a vineyard,
like a hut in a cucumber field,
    like a city under siege.
Unless the Lord Almighty
    had left us some survivors,
we would have become like Sodom,
    we would have been like Gomorrah.

10 Hear the word of the Lord,
    you rulers of Sodom;
listen to the instruction of our God,
    you people of Gomorrah!
11 “The multitude of your sacrifices—
    what are they to me?” says the Lord.
“I have more than enough of burnt offerings,
    of rams and the fat of fattened animals;
I have no pleasure
    in the blood of bulls and lambs and goats.
12 When you come to appear before me,
    who has asked this of you,
    this trampling of my courts?
13 Stop bringing meaningless offerings!
    Your incense is detestable to me.
New Moons, Sabbaths and convocations
    I cannot bear your worthless assemblies.
14 Your New Moon feasts and your appointed festivals
    I hate with all my being.
They have become a burden to me;
    I am weary of bearing them.
15 When you spread out your hands in prayer,
    I hide my eyes from you;
even when you offer many prayers,
    I am not listening.

Your hands are full of blood!

16 Wash and make yourselves clean.
    Take your evil deeds out of my sight;
    stop doing wrong.
17 Learn to do right; seek justice.
    Defend the oppressed.[a]
Take up the cause of the fatherless;
    plead the case of the widow.

18 “Come now, let us settle the matter,”
    says the Lord.
“Though your sins are like scarlet,
    they shall be as white as snow;
though they are red as crimson,
    they shall be like wool.
19 If you are willing and obedient,
    you will eat the good things of the land;
20 but if you resist and rebel,
    you will be devoured by the sword.”
For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.

21 See how the faithful city
    has become a prostitute!
She once was full of justice;
    righteousness used to dwell in her—
    but now murderers!
22 Your silver has become dross,
    your choice wine is diluted with water.
23 Your rulers are rebels,
    partners with thieves;
they all love bribes
    and chase after gifts.
They do not defend the cause of the fatherless;
    the widow’s case does not come before them.

24 Therefore the Lord, the Lord Almighty,
    the Mighty One of Israel, declares:
“Ah! I will vent my wrath on my foes
    and avenge myself on my enemies.
25 I will turn my hand against you;[b]
    I will thoroughly purge away your dross
    and remove all your impurities.
26 I will restore your leaders as in days of old,
    your rulers as at the beginning.
Afterward you will be called
    the City of Righteousness,
    the Faithful City.

27 Zion will be delivered with justice,
    her penitent ones with righteousness.
28 But rebels and sinners will both be broken,
    and those who forsake the Lord will perish.

29 “You will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks
    in which you have delighted;
you will be disgraced because of the gardens
    that you have chosen.
30 You will be like an oak with fading leaves,
    like a garden without water.
31 The mighty man will become tinder
    and his work a spark;
both will burn together,
    with no one to quench the fire.


  1. Isaiah 1:17 Or justice. / Correct the oppressor
  2. Isaiah 1:25 That is, against Jerusalem
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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