10 Have you[a] not made a hedge[b] around him and his household and all that he has on every side? You have blessed[c] the work of his hands, and his livestock[d] have increased[e] in the land.
Job 1:10tn The use of the independent personal pronoun here emphasizes the subject of the verb: “Have you not put up a hedge.”
Job 1:10tn The verb שׂוּךְ (sukh) means “to hedge or fence up, about” something (BDB 962 s.v. I שׂוּךְ). The original idea seems to have been to surround with a wall of thorns for the purpose of protection (E. Dhorme, Job, 7). The verb is an implied comparison between making a hedge and protecting someone.
Job 1:10sn Here the verb “bless” is used in one of its very common meanings. The verb means “to enrich,” often with the sense of enabling or empowering things for growth or fruitfulness. See further C. Westermann, Blessing in the Bible and the Life of the Church (OBT).
Job 1:10tn Or “substance.” The herds of livestock may be taken by metonymy of part for whole to represent possessions or prosperity in general.
Job 1:10tn The verb פָּרַץ (parats) means “to break through.” It has the sense of abundant increase, as in breaking out, overflowing (see also Gen 30:30 and Exod 1:12).
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