19 It was the tenth day of the first month[a] of the year when Israel crossed the Jordan River. They set up camp at Gilgal, which was east of the land controlled by Jericho. 20 The men who had carried the twelve rocks from the Jordan brought them to Joshua, and they made them into a monument. 21 Then Joshua told the people:
Years from now your children will ask you why these rocks are here. 22-23 Tell them, “The Lord our God dried up the Jordan River so we could walk across. He did the same thing here for us that he did for our people at the Red Sea,[b]24 because he wants everyone on earth to know how powerful he is. And he wants us to worship only him.”
4.19first month: Abib (also called Nisan), the first month of the Hebrew calendar, from about mid-March to mid-April.
9 The Lord told Joshua, “It was a disgrace for my people to be slaves in Egypt, but now I have taken away that disgrace.” So the Israelites named the place Gilgal,[a] and it still has that name.
10 Israel continued to camp at Gilgal in the desert near Jericho, and on the fourteenth day of the same month,[b] they celebrated Passover.
11-12 The next day, God stopped sending the Israelites manna[c] to eat each morning, and they started eating food grown in the land of Canaan. They ate roasted grain[d] and thin bread[e] made of the barley they had gathered from nearby fields.
5.9Gilgal: In Hebrew “Gilgal” sounds like “take away.”
5.11,12manna: The special food that God provided for the Israelites while they were in the desert for forty years. It was about the size of a small seed, and it appeared on the ground during the night, except on the Sabbath. It was gathered early in the morning, ground up, and then baked or boiled (see Exodus 16.13-35; Numbers 11.4-9).
5.11,12roasted grain: Roasted grain was made by cooking the grain in a dry pan or on a flat rock, or by holding a bunch of grain stalks over a fire.
5.11,12thin bread: Bread made without yeast. Israelites were not supposed to eat bread made with yeast for the week following Passover. That week is called the Festival of Thin Bread (see Exodus 12.14-20; 13.3-7).
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