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Leviticus 4:22-24 New English Translation (NET Bible)

For the Leader

22 “‘Whenever[a] a leader, by straying unintentionally,[b] sins and violates one of the commandments of the Lord his God which must not be violated,[c] and he pleads guilty, 23 or his sin that he committed[d] is made known to him,[e] he must bring a flawless male goat as his offering.[f] 24 He must lay his hand on the head of the male goat and slaughter[g] it in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the Lord—it is a sin offering.

Footnotes:

  1. Leviticus 4:22 tn This section begins with the relative pronoun אֲשֶׁר (ʾasher) which usually means “who” or “which,” but here means “whenever.”
  2. Leviticus 4:22 tn See the Lev 4:2 note on “straying.”
  3. Leviticus 4:22 tn Heb “and does one from all the commandments of the Lord his God which must not be done”; cf. NRSV “ought not to be done”; NIV “does what is forbidden in any of the commands.”
  4. Leviticus 4:23 tn Heb “or his sin which he sinned in it is made known to him”; NAB “if he learns of the sin he committed.”
  5. Leviticus 4:23 tn Lev 4:22b-23a is difficult. The present translation suggests that there are two possible legal situations envisioned, separated by the Hebrew אוֹ (ʾo, “or”) at the beginning of v. 23. Lev 4:22b refers to any case in which the leader readily admits his guilt (i.e., “pleads guilty”), whereas v. 23a refers to cases where the leader is convicted of his guilt by legal action (“his sin…is made known to him”). See R. E. Averbeck, NIDOTTE 2:95-96; Lev 4:27-28; and esp. the notes on Lev 5:1 below.
  6. Leviticus 4:23 tn Heb “a he-goat of goats, a male without defect”; cf. NLT “with no physical defects.”
  7. Leviticus 4:24 tn The LXX has a plural form here and also for the same verb later in the verse. See the note on Lev 1:5a.
New English Translation (NET)

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