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Luke 22 The Passion Translation (TPT)

Satan Entered into Judas

22 1–2 As the celebration of the Passover Lamb[a] was approaching, the Jewish religious leaders and scholars of the law continually schemed to find a way to murder Jesus without starting a riot—for they feared the crowds.

At that time Satan himself entered into Judas the locksmith,[b] who was one of the twelve apostles. He secretly went to the religious hierarchy and the captains of the temple guards to discuss with them how he could betray Jesus and turn him over to their hands. The religious hierarchy was elated over Judas’ treachery, and they agreed to give him a sum of money in exchange for Jesus’ betrayal. Judas vowed that he would find them a suitable opportunity to betray Jesus when he was away from the crowds.

Jesus Prophesies the Location of the Last Supper

7–8 On the day the Passover lambs were to be sacrificed, Jesus sent for Peter and John and instructed them, “Go and prepare the Passover supper so we can eat it together.”

They asked him, “Where do we make the preparations to eat the meal?”

10 Jesus gave them this sign: “When you enter the city, you will find a man[c] carrying a jug of water.[d] Follow him home 11 and say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher told us to ask you, “Where is the room I may use to have the Passover meal with my disciples?” ’ 12 He will then take you to a large, fully furnished upstairs room. Make the preparations for us there.”

13 They went and found everything to be exactly like Jesus had prophesied, and they prepared the Passover meal.

Jesus and His Disciples Eat the Last Supper

14 When Jesus arrived at the upper room, he took his place at the table along with all the apostles. 15 Then he told them, “I have longed with passion and desire to eat this Passover lamb with you before I endure my sufferings. 16 I promise you that the next time we eat this, we will be together in the feast of God’s kingdom.”

17 Then he raised a cup and gave thanks to God and said to them, “Take this and pass it on to one another and drink. 18 I promise you that the next time we drink this wine, we will be together in the feast of God’s kingdom.”[e]

19 Then he lifted up a loaf, and after praying a prayer of thanksgiving to God, he gave each of his apostles a piece of bread, saying, “This loaf is my body,[f] which is now being offered to you. Always eat it to remember me.”

20 After supper was over, he lifted the cup again and said, “This cup is my blood of the new covenant[g] I make with you, and it will be poured out soon for all of you. 21 But I want you to know that the hands of the one who delivers me to be the sacrifice are with mine on the table this very moment. 22 The Son of Man must now go where he will be sacrificed. But there will be great and unending doom for the man who betrays me.”

23 The apostles questioned among themselves which one of them was about to do this.

Apostles Argue over Which of Them Will Be the Greatest

24 The disciples bickered over which one of them would be considered the greatest[h] in the kingdom. 25 Jesus interrupted their argument, saying, “The kings and men of authority in this world rule oppressively over their subjects, claiming that they do it for the good of the people. They are obsessed with how others see them.[i] 26 But this is not your calling. You will lead by a different model. The greatest one among you will live as one called to serve others without honor.[j] The greatest honor and authority is reserved for the one who has a servant heart. 27 The leaders who are served are the most important in your eyes, but in the kingdom, it is the servants who lead. Am I not here with you as one who serves?

28 “Because you have stood with me through all my trials and ordeals, 29 I am promising you the kingdom that the Father has promised me. 30 We will celebrate in this kingdom and you will feast with me at my table. And each of you will be given a throne, twelve thrones in all, and you will be made rulers on thrones to judge the tribes of Israel.”

Jesus Prophesies Peter’s Denial

31 “Peter, my dear friend, listen to what I’m about to tell you. Satan has obtained permission to come and sift you all like wheat and test your faith. 32 But I have prayed for you, Peter, that you would stay faithful to me no matter what comes. Remember this: after you have turned back to me and have been restored, make it your life mission to strengthen the faith of your brothers.”

33 “But Lord,” Peter replied, “I am ready to stand with you to the very end, even if it means prison or death!”

34 Jesus looked at him and prophesied, “Before the rooster crows in the morning, you will deny[k] three times that you even know me.”

35 Then he said to all of them, “When I sent you out empty-handed, did you lack anything?”

“Not a thing,” they answered. “God provided all we needed.”

Jesus said, “But now I say to you: Take what you need. 36 If you have money, take it[l]—and a knapsack and a sword.[m] Danger is imminent.[n] 37 For the prophetic Scripture about me ‘He will be accused of being a criminal’[o] will now come to pass. All that was prophesied of me will be fulfilled.”

38 The disciples told him, “Lord, we already have two swords!”

“You still don’t understand,”[p] Jesus responded.

The Garden of Gethsemane

39 Jesus left the upper room with his disciples[q] and, as was his habit, went to the Mount of Olives, his place of secret prayer. 40 There he told the apostles, “Keep praying for strength to be spared from the severe test of your faith that is about to come.”

41 Then he withdrew from them a short distance[r] to be alone. Kneeling down, he prayed, 42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup of agony away from me.[s] But no matter what, your will must be mine.”

43 Jesus called[t] for an angel of glory to strengthen him, and the angel appeared. 44 He prayed even more passionately, like one being sacrificed,[u] until he was in such intense agony of spirit that his sweat became drops of blood, dripping onto the ground.[v]

45 When Jesus finished praying, he got up and went to his disciples and found them all asleep, for they were exhausted and overwhelmed with sorrow. 46 “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “You need to be alert and pray for the strength to endure the great temptation.”

Judas Betrays Jesus

47 No sooner had he finished speaking when suddenly a mob approached, and in front of the mob was his disciple Judas. He walked up close to Jesus and greeted him with a kiss. For he had agreed to give the religious leaders a sign, saying, “The one I kiss is the one to seize.”[w]

48 Jesus looked at him with sorrow and said, “A kiss, Judas? Are you really going to betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”

49 When the other disciples understood what was happening, they asked, “Lord, shall we fight them with our swords?”

50 Just then, one of the disciples swung his sword at the high priest’s servant and slashed off his right ear.[x]

51 Jesus stopped the incident from escalating any further by saying, “Enough of this!” Then he touched the right side of the injured man’s head and the ear grew back[y]—he was healed!

52 Jesus turned to those who had come to seize him—the ruling priests, the officers of the temple police, and the religious leaders—and said, “Am I a criminal that you come to capture me with clubs and swords? Wasn’t I with you day after day, teaching in the temple courts? 53 You could have seized me at any time. But in the darkness of night you have now found your time, for it belongs to you and to the prince of darkness.”[z]

Peter Denies He Knew Jesus

54 The religious leaders seized Jesus and led him away, but Peter followed from a safe distance. They brought him to the home of the high priest, where people were already gathered out in the courtyard. 55 Someone had built a fire, so Peter inched closer and sat down among them to stay warm.

56 A girl noticed Peter sitting in the firelight. Staring at him, she pointed him out and said, “This man is one of Jesus’ disciples!”

57 Peter flatly denied it, saying, “What are you talking about, girl? I don’t know him!”

58 A little while later, someone else spotted Peter and said, “I recognize you. You’re one of his, I know it!”

Peter again said, “I’m not one of his disciples.”

59 About an hour later, someone else identified Peter and insisted he was a disciple of Jesus, saying, “Look at him! He’s from Galilee,[aa] just like Jesus. I know he’s one of them.”

60 But Peter was adamant. “Listen, I don’t know what you’re talking about. Don’t you understand? I don’t even know him.” While the words were still in his mouth, the rooster crowed.

61 At that moment, the Lord, who was being led through the courtyard by his captors,[ab] turned around and gazed at Peter. All at once Peter remembered the words Jesus had prophesied over him, “Before the rooster crows in the morning, you will deny three times that you even know me.” 62 Peter burst into tears,[ac] ran off from the crowd, and wept bitterly.

Jesus Is Mocked and Severely Beaten

63 Those who were guarding Jesus mocked and beat him severely. 64 They also made fun of him, blindfolding him and slapping his face and saying, “Prove that you are a prophet and tell us which one of us hit you!” 65 They blasphemed and heaped insult after insult upon him.

Jesus before the Jewish Council

66 At daybreak the high priests, the experts of the law, and the top religious leaders convened and had Jesus brought before their council. 67 They asked him point blank, “Tell us, are you the Christ, the Messiah, or not?”

Jesus responded, “If I tell you the truth, you won’t believe me. 68 And if I question you, you will not answer me or release me.[ad] 69 But from today on, the Son of Man will be enthroned in the place of honor, power, and authority with Almighty God.”

70 They all shouted, “Then you do claim to be the Son of God?”

He said to them, “You are the ones who say I am.”

71 They all shouted, “We’ve heard it from his very lips! What further proof do we need?”

Footnotes:

  1. 22:1–2 The Passover celebration was known as the “Feast of Bread without Yeast.” The Jewish people commemorate their exodus from Egypt to this day with a weeklong Passover feast. See Ex. 12:1–20; Deut. 16:1–8.
  2. 22:3 See the last footnote on Luke 6:14–16.
  3. 22:10 Carrying water was a task given to women; it would have been easy to spot a man carrying the water jug.
  4. 22:10 Jerusalem would have been filled with pilgrims coming to celebrate the feast. Every house would be filled with additional guests, so finding a room for Jesus and the Twelve would be no easy task. It is possible that this man carrying a jug of water (normally a woman’s task) would be an Essene. They were the only Jewish men who culturally would carry water in this way since they were celibates. They had a community in Jerusalem that had a gate called the “Essene Gate.” They also had a different calendar than the typical Jewish one, which meant they would still have guest rooms available.
  5. 22:18 Verses 17–18 are not found in most Aramaic texts. Most Greek texts and a fifth-century Aramaic manuscript known as “the Palestinian Syriac” include them in the narrative.
  6. 22:19 From here to the end of v. 20 is considered the most highly debated passage in Luke’s Gospel because a few reliable Greek manuscripts do not have it. Yet there is ample internal evidence to argue for its inclusion.
  7. 22:20 The Aramaic word used here is literally “new testament.”
  8. 22:24 This took place at the Lord’s Passover table. Their discussion of who was the worst among them led them to argue over who was the greatest. Jesus was only hours away from the horrible death of crucifixion while his apostles argued.
  9. 22:25 The Aramaic is actually “They want to be called ‘servants of goodness.’ ”
  10. 22:26 The Greek text uses the word here for “youngest,” and the Aramaic is “small one.” In Hebrew culture in the days of Jesus, the firstborn of the household had honor, while the youngest accepted the role of menial service to all the others of the house.
  11. 22:34 The Aramaic text says “blasphemed.”
  12. 22:36 Now the disciples were to take needed items with them, including money, for they were to be a source of blessing to others with their generosity.
  13. 22:36 It is possible that Jesus was using symbolic speech, for we take with us the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God. See Eph. 6:17.
  14. 22:36 The text here is a Hebraic figure of speech: “If you don’t have a sword, you’d better sell something and buy one,” which implies that danger is imminent.
  15. 22:37 See Isa. 53:8–9.
  16. 22:38 Or “That will be enough.” Jesus is saying, “Never mind. You still don’t get it.” He corrected their thinking about taking swords and using violent means in vv. 50–51.
  17. 22:39 That is, with the exception of Judas. See v. 47.
  18. 22:41 Literally “a stone’s throw away.”
  19. 22:42 Jesus asked the Father to be spared from death in the garden so that he could go all the way to the cross. His prayer was answered. The blood that dripped in the garden would not redeem. Jesus had to carry the cross and fulfill all that was written of him. See Heb. 5:7.
  20. 22:43 Translated from the Aramaic text. The Greek manuscripts state it passively: “An angel from heaven appeared.”
  21. 22:44 The Aramaic text is literally “He prayed sacrificially.”
  22. 22:44 Although vv. 43–44 are found in the Aramaic manuscript, many Greek texts omit them. Most of the early church fathers included them in their translations and commentaries. Though very rare, the phenomenon of hematidrosis, sweating blood, is well documented. Under great emotional stress, tiny capillaries in the sweat glands can break, thus mixing blood with sweat. This process could have marked weakness and possibly shock.
  23. 22:47 Nearly every Greek manuscript leaves out this information. The Aramaic text includes it.
  24. 22:50 The servant’s name was Malchus (John 18:10). What Peter did was a criminal act that could have ruined his entire life. Jesus was concerned both for the wounded man and Peter’s future.
  25. 22:51 Implied in the context of this miracle. Jesus, the Creator, re-created his ear. The last thing Jesus did before they tied and bound his beautiful hands to arrest him in Gethsemane: He used his healing hands to restore the cut-off ear that Peter slashed (here and John 18:12). He was bound for hours until they loosed his hands to pierce them with nails.
  26. 22:53 The “prince of darkness” is Satan. This phrase is found only in the Aramaic manuscripts. The Greek text states, “the powers of darkness.”
  27. 22:59 Peter’s accent gave him away as being a Galilean. See also Mark 14:70.
  28. 22:61 Implied by the context, necessary for proper understanding of the narrative.
  29. 22:62 It is not just our sin that causes us to weep. It is seeing the Savior whom we have sinned against that brings our tears.
  30. 22:68 The phrase “or release me” is found only in the Aramaic text.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Passion Translation®. Copyright © 2017, 2018, 2020 by Passion & Fire Ministries, Inc.
Used by permission. All rights reserved. thePassionTranslation.com

Luke 22 New International Version (NIV)

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus

22 Now the Festival of Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching, and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some way to get rid of Jesus, for they were afraid of the people. Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus. They were delighted and agreed to give him money. He consented, and watched for an opportunity to hand Jesus over to them when no crowd was present.

The Last Supper

Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.”

“Where do you want us to prepare for it?” they asked.

10 He replied, “As you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house that he enters, 11 and say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’ 12 He will show you a large room upstairs, all furnished. Make preparations there.”

13 They left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.

14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table. 15 And he said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God.”

17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, “Take this and divide it among you. 18 For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”

19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me.”

20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.[a] 21 But the hand of him who is going to betray me is with mine on the table. 22 The Son of Man will go as it has been decreed. But woe to that man who betrays him!” 23 They began to question among themselves which of them it might be who would do this.

24 A dispute also arose among them as to which of them was considered to be greatest. 25 Jesus said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them; and those who exercise authority over them call themselves Benefactors. 26 But you are not to be like that. Instead, the greatest among you should be like the youngest, and the one who rules like the one who serves. 27 For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves. 28 You are those who have stood by me in my trials. 29 And I confer on you a kingdom, just as my Father conferred one on me, 30 so that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

31 “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift all of you as wheat. 32 But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.”

33 But he replied, “Lord, I am ready to go with you to prison and to death.”

34 Jesus answered, “I tell you, Peter, before the rooster crows today, you will deny three times that you know me.”

35 Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?”

“Nothing,” they answered.

36 He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’[b]; and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfillment.”

38 The disciples said, “See, Lord, here are two swords.”

“That’s enough!” he replied.

Jesus Prays on the Mount of Olives

39 Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. 40 On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” 41 He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed, 42 “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” 43 An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. 44 And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.[c]

45 When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow. 46 “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”

Jesus Arrested

47 While he was still speaking a crowd came up, and the man who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him, 48 but Jesus asked him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”

49 When Jesus’ followers saw what was going to happen, they said, “Lord, should we strike with our swords?” 50 And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his right ear.

51 But Jesus answered, “No more of this!” And he touched the man’s ear and healed him.

52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests, the officers of the temple guard, and the elders, who had come for him, “Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come with swords and clubs? 53 Every day I was with you in the temple courts, and you did not lay a hand on me. But this is your hour—when darkness reigns.”

Peter Disowns Jesus

54 Then seizing him, they led him away and took him into the house of the high priest. Peter followed at a distance. 55 And when some there had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and had sat down together, Peter sat down with them. 56 A servant girl saw him seated there in the firelight. She looked closely at him and said, “This man was with him.”

57 But he denied it. “Woman, I don’t know him,” he said.

58 A little later someone else saw him and said, “You also are one of them.”

“Man, I am not!” Peter replied.

59 About an hour later another asserted, “Certainly this fellow was with him, for he is a Galilean.”

60 Peter replied, “Man, I don’t know what you’re talking about!” Just as he was speaking, the rooster crowed. 61 The Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. Then Peter remembered the word the Lord had spoken to him: “Before the rooster crows today, you will disown me three times.” 62 And he went outside and wept bitterly.

The Guards Mock Jesus

63 The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him. 64 They blindfolded him and demanded, “Prophesy! Who hit you?” 65 And they said many other insulting things to him.

Jesus Before Pilate and Herod

66 At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and the teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them. 67 “If you are the Messiah,” they said, “tell us.”

Jesus answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me, 68 and if I asked you, you would not answer. 69 But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.”

70 They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?”

He replied, “You say that I am.”

71 Then they said, “Why do we need any more testimony? We have heard it from his own lips.”

Footnotes:

  1. Luke 22:20 Some manuscripts do not have given for you … poured out for you.
  2. Luke 22:37 Isaiah 53:12
  3. Luke 22:44 Many early manuscripts do not have verses 43 and 44.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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