19 Now Jesus’[a] mother and his brothers[b] came to him, but[c] they could not get near him because of the crowd.
Luke 8:19tnGrk “his”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
Luke 8:19sn The issue of whether Jesus had brothers (siblings) has had a long history in the church. Epiphanius, in the 4th century, argued that Mary was a perpetual virgin and had no offspring other than Jesus. Others argued that these brothers were really cousins. Nothing in the text suggests any of this. See also John 7:3.
Luke 8:19tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context.
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