1 [a] These are the words of Nehemiah[b] son of Hacaliah:
It so happened that in the month of Kislev, in the twentieth year,[c] I was in Susa[d] the citadel.
Nehemiah 1:1sn In ancient Judaism Ezra and Nehemiah were regarded as a single book with dual authorship. According to the Talmud, “Ezra wrote his book” (b. Bava Batra 15a). The Gemara then asks and answers, “And who finished it? Nehemiah the son of Hacaliah.” Accordingly, the two are joined in the Leningrad Codex (ca. a.d. 1008), the manuscript upon which modern printed editions of the Hebrew Bible (e.g., BHK and BHS) are based.
Nehemiah 1:1sn The name Nehemiah in Hebrew (נְחֶמְיָה, nekhemyah) means “the Lord comforts.”
Nehemiah 1:1tn That is, the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes’ reign (cf. 2:1).
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