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Psalm 83 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Psalm 83[a]

Prayer Against a Hostile Alliance

A song; a psalm of Asaph.

I

God, do not be silent;
    God, do not be deaf or remain unmoved!
See how your enemies rage;
    your foes proudly raise their heads.
They conspire against your people,
    plot against those you protect.
They say, “Come, let us wipe them out as a nation;
    let Israel’s name be remembered no more!”
They scheme with one mind,
    they have entered into a covenant against you:
[b]The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
    of Moab and the Hagrites,
Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek,
    Philistia and the inhabitants of Tyre.
Assyria, too, in league with them,
    backs the descendants of Lot.
Selah

II

10 [c]Deal with them as with Midian;
    as with Sisera and Jabin at the wadi Kishon,
11 Those destroyed at Endor,
    who became dung for the ground.
12 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,
    all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
13 Who made a plan together,
    “Let us take for ourselves the pastures of God.”
14 My God, make them like tumbleweed,
    into chaff flying before the wind.
15 As a fire raging through a forest,
    a flame setting mountains ablaze,
16 Pursue them with your tempest;
    terrify them with your storm-wind.
17 Cover their faces with shame,
    till they seek your name,[d] Lord.
18 Let them be ashamed and terrified forever;
    let them perish in disgrace.
19 Let them know that your name is Lord,
    you alone are the Most High over all the earth.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 83 The community lament complains to God of the nations’ attempts to wipe out the name of Israel (Ps 83:1–8). The psalmist sees all Israel’s enemies throughout its history united in a conspiracy (Ps 83:2–8). May God destroy the current crop of enemies as the enemies of old were destroyed (Ps 83:9–12), and may they be pursued until they acknowledge the name of Israel’s God (Ps 83:13–18).
  2. 83:7–9 Apart from the Assyrians, all the nations listed here were neighbors of Israel. The Hagrites are a tribe of the desert regions east of Ammon and Moab (1 Chr 5:10, 19–22). Gebal is the Phoenician city of Byblos or perhaps a mountain region south of the Dead Sea. The descendants of Lot are Moab and Edom (Gn 19:36–38 and Dt 2:9). These nations were never united against Israel in the same period; the Psalm has lumped them all together.
  3. 83:10–13 For the historical events, see Jgs 4–8.
  4. 83:17 Seek your name: a variant of the more typical phrase “to seek the face of God” (Ps 24:6; 27:8; 105:4). Seeking the face of God refers to the worshiper having recourse to a temple or sanctuary where in non-Jewish contexts a statue embodies the physical presence of the Deity. In Israel’s aniconic tradition no visible image or statue can represent God. This understanding is conveyed here concretely by use of the term “your name” rather than the more typical “your face.”
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.

Psalm 83 New International Version (NIV)

Psalm 83[a]

A song. A psalm of Asaph.

O God, do not remain silent;
    do not turn a deaf ear,
    do not stand aloof, O God.
See how your enemies growl,
    how your foes rear their heads.
With cunning they conspire against your people;
    they plot against those you cherish.
“Come,” they say, “let us destroy them as a nation,
    so that Israel’s name is remembered no more.”

With one mind they plot together;
    they form an alliance against you—
the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
    of Moab and the Hagrites,
Byblos, Ammon and Amalek,
    Philistia, with the people of Tyre.
Even Assyria has joined them
    to reinforce Lot’s descendants.[b]

Do to them as you did to Midian,
    as you did to Sisera and Jabin at the river Kishon,
10 who perished at Endor
    and became like dung on the ground.
11 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb,
    all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
12 who said, “Let us take possession
    of the pasturelands of God.”

13 Make them like tumbleweed, my God,
    like chaff before the wind.
14 As fire consumes the forest
    or a flame sets the mountains ablaze,
15 so pursue them with your tempest
    and terrify them with your storm.
16 Cover their faces with shame, Lord,
    so that they will seek your name.

17 May they ever be ashamed and dismayed;
    may they perish in disgrace.
18 Let them know that you, whose name is the Lord
    that you alone are the Most High over all the earth.

Footnotes:

  1. Psalm 83:1 In Hebrew texts 83:1-18 is numbered 83:2-19.
  2. Psalm 83:8 The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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