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Revelation 3:15-16 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

15 “I know your works; I know that you are neither cold nor hot.[a] I wish you were either cold or hot. 16 [b]So, because you are lukewarm, neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of my mouth.


  1. 3:15–16 Halfhearted commitment to the faith is nauseating to Christ; cf. Rom 12:11.
  2. 3:16 Spit: literally, “vomit.” The image is that of a beverage that should be either hot or cold. Perhaps there is an allusion to the hot springs of Hierapolis across the Lycus river from Laodicea, which would have been lukewarm by the time they reached Laodicea.
New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

Scripture texts, prefaces, introductions, footnotes and cross references used in this work are taken from the New American Bible, revised edition © 2010, 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Inc., Washington, DC All Rights Reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the copyright owner.


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