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Psalm 90-106 Expanded Bible (EXB)

Book 4: Psalms 90–106

God Is Eternal, and We Are Not

A prayer of Moses, the man of God.

90 Lord, you have been our ·home [dwelling place; Deut. 33:27]
    ·since the beginning [L from all generations].
Before the mountains were born
    and before you ·created [brought forth] the earth and the world,
you are God [Prov. 8:22–31].
    You have always been, and you will always be.

You turn people back into ·dust [L what is crushed; Gen. 2:7; 3:19; Eccl. 12:7].
    You say, “·Go back into dust [L Return; Turn back], human beings.”
·To you [L In your eyes], a thousand years
    is like the passing of a day [2 Pet. 3:8],
    or ·like a few hours [L a watch; C the night was divided into four watches of three hours each] in the night.
While people sleep, you ·take [put an end to] their lives.
    They are like grass that ·grows up [is new] in the morning.
In the morning they ·are fresh and new [blossom and are renewed],
    but by evening they ·dry up [fade] and ·die [wither].

We are ·destroyed [annihilated] by your anger;
    we are terrified by your hot anger.
You have ·put [set] ·the evil we have done [our guilt/iniquity] right in front of you;
    ·you clearly see our secret sins [L our hidden/secret sins in the light of your face].
All our days pass while you are angry.
    Our years end with a ·moan [sigh].
10 ·Our lifetime is [L The days of our years are] seventy years
    or, if we are strong, eighty years.
But ·the years are full of [L their pride are] ·hard work [toil] and ·pain [trouble; Eccl. 1:2].
    They pass quickly, and then we ·are gone [L fly away].

11 Who knows the ·full power [strength] of your anger?
    Your anger is as great as our fear of you should be.
12 ·Teach us [Make us know] ·how short our lives really are [L to count our days]
    so that we ·may be wise [L gain a wise heart].

13 Lord, how long before you ·return [turn]
    and show ·kindness [compassion] to your servants?
14 ·Fill [Satisfy] us with your ·love [loyalty] every morning.
    Then we will sing and rejoice all our ·lives [L days].
15 We have seen years of ·trouble [harm; hurt].
    Now give us as ·much [L many days of] joy as you gave us ·sorrow [affliction].
16 Show your servants ·the wonderful things you do [your miracles];
    ·show your greatness [your splendor/beauty] to their children.
17 Lord our God, ·treat us well [favor us].
    ·Give us success in what we do [L Establish the work of our hands for us];
·yes, give us success in what we do [L establish the work of our hands].

Safe in the Lord

91 Those who ·go to God Most High for safety [L dwell/sit in the shelter of God Most High]
    will ·be protected by [lodge in the shade/shadow of] the Almighty.
I will say to the Lord, “You are my ·place of safety [refuge] and ·protection [fortress].
    You are my God and I ·trust [have confidence in] you.”

God will ·save [protect] you from ·hidden traps [L the snare of the fowler]
    and from deadly ·diseases [pestilence].
He will cover you with his feathers,
    and under his wings you ·can hide [will find refuge; Deut. 32:11; Is. 31:5; Matt. 23:37; Luke 13:34].
    His ·truth [faithfulness] will be your shield and ·protection [buckler; C a small shield].
You will not fear any ·danger by [terror at] night
    or an arrow that flies during the day.
·You will not be afraid of diseases [L …or the pestilence] that ·come [walks; stalks] in the dark
    or ·sickness [L stings] that ·strikes [devastates; overpowers] at noon.
At your side one thousand people may ·die [L fall],
    or even ten thousand ·right beside you [L at your right hand],
    but ·you will not be hurt [L it will not touch you].
You will only ·watch [L look with your eyes]
    and see the wicked ·punished [recompensed].

·The Lord is your protection [L For you, Lord, are my refuge];
    you have made God Most High your ·place of safety [dwelling place].
10 Nothing ·bad [evil; harmful] will ·happen to [befall] you;
    no ·disaster [blow; or plague] will ·come to [approach] your ·home [L tent].
11 He has ·put his angels in charge of [L commanded his angels/messengers concerning] you
    to ·watch over [keep; guard] ·you wherever you go [L all your ways].
12 They will ·catch you [lift you up] in their hands
    so that you will not hit your foot on a rock [Matt. 4:6; Luke 4:10–11].
13 You will ·walk [tread] on lions and cobras;
    you will ·step on [trample] strong lions and snakes.

14 The Lord says, “Whoever ·loves [desires] me, I will ·save [rescue].
    I will ·protect [lift to safety] those who know ·me [L my name].
15 They will call to me, and I will answer them.
    I will be with them in ·trouble [distress];
    I will rescue them and ·honor [glorify] them.
16 I will ·give them a long, full life [L satisfy them with length of days],
    and ·they will see how I can save [L show them my salvation/victory].”

Thanksgiving for God’s Goodness

A psalm. A song for the Sabbath day [Ex. 20:8–11; Deut. 5:12–15].

92 It is good to ·praise [thank] you, Lord,
    to ·sing praises to [L make a psalm to the name of] God Most High.
It is good to ·tell of [proclaim] your ·love [loyalty] in the morning
    and of your ·loyalty [faithfulness] at night.
It is good to praise you with the ten-stringed lyre
    and ·with the soft-sounding [melody of the] harp.

Lord, you have made me ·happy [rejoice] by what you have done;
    I will ·sing [shout] for joy about ·what your hands have done [L the works of your hand].
Lord, ·you have done such great things [L how great are your works]!
    How deep are your thoughts [Is. 55:8; Rom. 11:33–34]!
·Stupid [Senseless; Dull-witted] people don’t know these things,
    and fools don’t understand.
Wicked people ·grow [may sprout] like the grass.
    Evil people ·seem to do well [may blossom/flourish],
    but they will be ·destroyed [doomed] forever.
But, Lord, you will be ·honored [exalted] forever.

Lord, surely your enemies,
    surely your enemies will ·be destroyed [perish],
    and all who do evil will be scattered.
10 But you have ·made me as strong as [exalted my horn like; C symbol of strength] an ox.
    You have poured ·fine [rich; fresh] oils on me [C a gesture of hospitality].
11 When ·I [L my eyes] looked, I saw my enemies;
    I heard the cries of those who ·are against me [L rose against me with evil; C he sees and hears the defeat of his enemies].

12 But ·good [righteous] people will ·grow [sprout] like palm trees [1:3; 52:8];
    they will ·be tall [grow great] like the cedars of Lebanon [C trees that are strong, majestic, and long-lived].
13 Like trees planted in the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord,
    they will ·grow strong [sprout] in the courtyards of our God.
14 When they are old, they will still produce fruit;
    they will be healthy and ·fresh [green; verdant].
15 They will ·say [proclaim] that the Lord is ·good [virtuous; full of integrity; upright].
    He is my Rock [28:1; 42:9; 62:2; Deut. 32:4], and there is no wrong in him.

The Majesty of the Lord

93 The Lord ·is king [reigns; 47:2; 96:10; 97:1; 98:6; 99:1; Rev. 19:6]. He is ·clothed [robed] in majesty.
    The Lord is ·clothed [robed] in majesty
    and ·armed [girded] with strength.
The world is ·set [established],
    and it ·cannot be moved [will not totter].
Lord, your ·kingdom [L throne] was ·set up [established] long ago;
    you are everlasting.

Lord, the ·seas [L rivers; C perhaps referring to currents within the sea] raise,
    the ·seas [L rivers] raise their voice.
    The ·seas [L rivers] raise up their pounding waves [C representing chaos].
The sound of the water is loud;
    the ·ocean waves [L breakers of the sea] are ·powerful [majestic],
but the Lord above is much ·greater [more powerful/majestic; C God is in control of chaos].

Lord, your ·laws [decrees; testimonies] ·will stand forever [are very faithful/true].
·Your Temple will be holy forevermore [L At your house holiness is fitting/appropriate and will be for length of days].

God Will Pay Back His Enemies

94 The Lord is a God ·who punishes [of vengeance; Deut. 32:35; Is. 34:8; Ezek. 24:8; 25:14–17; Nah. 1:2; Rom. 12:19; 1 Thess. 4:6].
    ·God, show your greatness and punish [L God of vengeance, shine forth]!
Rise up, Judge of the earth,
    and give the ·proud [arrogant] ·what they deserve [their due].
How long will the wicked be ·happy [joyful]?
    How long, Lord?

They ·are full of [L bubble forth, speaking] ·proud [insolent] words;
    those who do evil ·brag about what they have done [L talk a lot].
Lord, they crush your people
    and ·make your children suffer [L afflict your inheritance].
They kill widows and ·foreigners [sojourners; wanderers]
    and murder orphans [Ex. 22:21–24].
They say, “The Lord doesn’t see;
    the God of Jacob [C another name for Israel] doesn’t ·notice [understand].”

You ·stupid [senseless; dull witted] ones among the people, ·pay attention [L understand].
    You fools, when will you ·understand [get insight]?
Can’t the ·creator [L planter] of ears hear?
    Can’t the ·maker [former; shaper] of eyes see?
10 Won’t the one who ·corrects [instructs; disciplines] nations ·punish [reprimand; reprove] you?
    Doesn’t the teacher of people know everything?
11 The Lord knows ·what people think [L the thoughts of humans].
    He knows their thoughts are ·just a puff of wind [a bubble/vapor/meaningless/futile; Eccl. 1:2].

12 Lord, those you ·correct [instruct; discipline] are ·happy [blessed];
    you teach them from your ·law [instruction; teaching].
13 You give them ·rest [peace; quiet] from ·times [L days] of ·trouble [harm; evil]
    until a pit is dug for the wicked [Prov. 26:7; Eccl. 10:8].
14 The Lord won’t ·leave [abandon; cast off] his people
    nor ·give up [abandon; forsake] his ·children [L inheritance].
15 Judgment will again be ·fair [just; righteous],
    and all who are ·honest [L upright/virtuous of heart] will follow it.

16 Who will ·help me fight [L rise up with me] against the wicked?
    Who will stand with me against those who do evil?
17 If the Lord had not helped me,
    I would have ·died in a minute [L quickly dwelled in silence].
18 I said, “·I am about to fall [L My feet totter],”
    but, Lord, your ·love [loyalty] ·kept me safe [steadied/supported me].
19 ·I was very worried [L In my many disquieting thoughts in my insides],
    but you comforted me and ·made me happy [cheered me up].

20 ·Crooked leaders [L Ruinous thrones] cannot be your ·friends [allies].
    They use the ·law [statute; ordinance; requirement] to cause ·suffering [distress].
21 They ·join forces [band together] against ·people who do right [righteous people]
    and ·sentence [condemn] to death the innocent.
22 But the Lord is my ·defender [stronghold; fortress];
    my God is the rock [28:1; 42:9; 62:2; Deut. 32:4] of my ·protection [refuge].
23 God will pay them back for their ·sins [guilt; iniquity]
    and will destroy them for their evil.
The Lord our God will destroy them.

A Call to Praise and Obedience

95 Come, let’s sing for joy to the Lord.

Let’s shout praises to the Rock [28:1; 42:9; 62:2; Deut. 32:4] who ·saves us [gives us victory].
Let’s ·come [present ourselves] to him with ·thanksgiving [praise].
    Let’s ·sing songs [shout psalms] to him,
because the Lord is the great God,
    the great King over all gods [Ex. 15:11].
The deepest places on earth are ·his [L in his hand],
    and the ·highest [peaks of the] mountains belong to him.
The sea is his because he made it,
    and he created the ·land [dry ground] with his own hands.

Come, let’s ·worship him [bow down] and ·bow down [bend the knee].
    Let’s kneel before the Lord who made us,
because he is our God
    and we are the people ·he takes care of [L of his pasture],
the sheep ·that he tends [L of his hand; 74:1; 79:13; 100:3; John 10:11–14].

Today listen to ·what he says [L his voice]:
    “Do not ·be stubborn [L harden your heart], as at Meribah [C “contending”; 81:7; 106:32; Ex. 17:1–17; Num. 20:1–13],
    as that day at Massah [C “testing”] in the ·desert [wilderness; Heb. 4:7].
There your ·ancestors [fathers] tested me
    and tried me even though they saw what I did.
10 I ·was angry with [felt disgust for] ·those people [L that generation] for forty years.
    I said, ‘They are ·not loyal to me [L a people whose hearts wander/go astray]
    and have not understood my ways.’
11 I was angry and made a promise,
    ‘They will never enter my rest.’”

Praise for the Lord’s Glory

96 Sing to the Lord a new song [C celebrating victory; 33:3; 40:3; 98:1; 144:9; 149:1; Is. 42:10; Rev. 5:9; 14:3];
sing to the Lord, all the earth.

Sing to the Lord and ·praise [bless] his name;
    every day ·tell [announce the good news] ·how he saves us [L of his salvation/victory].
Tell the nations of his glory [C his manifest presence];
    tell all peoples the ·miracles [wonderful acts] he does,

because the Lord is great; he should be praised ·at all times [or with vigor].
    He ·should be honored [is awesome; should be feared] more than all the gods,
because all the gods of the nations are ·only idols [or worthless],
    but the Lord made the heavens [Gen. 1].
The Lord has ·glory [splendor] and majesty;
    he has power and beauty in his ·Temple [sanctuary; L Holy Place].

·Praise [L Ascribe to] the Lord, all ·nations on earth [L families of peoples];
    ·praise the Lord’s [L ascribe to the Lord] glory and power.
·Praise the glory of the Lord’s [L Ascribe to the Lord the glory of his] name.
    Bring an ·offering [grain/gift/tribute sacrifice; Lev. 2:1] and come into his Temple courtyards.
·Worship [Bow down to] the Lord ·because he is holy [L in the splendor of his holiness].
    Tremble before him, everyone on earth.
10 Tell the nations, “The Lord ·is king [reigns; 47:2; 93:1; 97:1; 98:6; 99:1; Rev. 19:6].”
    The earth is ·set [established], and it cannot be moved.
    He will judge the people fairly.
11 Let the ·skies [heavens] rejoice and the earth be glad;
    let the sea and everything in it ·shout [thunder; roar].
12 Let the fields and everything in them rejoice.
Then all the trees of the forest will sing for joy
13     before the Lord, because he is coming.
    He is coming to judge the world;
he will judge the world with ·fairness [righteousness]
    and the peoples with ·truth [faithfulness; 98:9].

A Hymn About the Lord’s Power

97 The Lord ·is king [reigns; 47:2; 93:1; 96:10; 98:6; 99:1; Rev. 19:6]. Let the earth rejoice;
    ·faraway lands [or islands; or coastlands] should be glad.
Thick, dark clouds surround him.
    His ·kingdom [L throne] is ·built [established] on ·what is right [righteousness] and ·fair [justice].
A fire goes before him
    and ·burns up [flames] his enemies all around.
His lightning ·lights up [illuminates] the world;
    when the ·people [earth] see it, they ·tremble [writhe].
The mountains melt like wax before the Lord,
    before the Lord of all the earth.
The heavens ·tell about [declare] his ·goodness [righteousness],
    and all the people see his glory [C his manifest presence].

Those who ·worship [serve] idols should be ·ashamed [embarrassed; Is. 42:17; 45:16];
    they brag about their ·gods [worthless things].
    All the gods should ·worship [bow down to] the Lord.
When ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple] hears this, she is glad,
    and the ·towns [L daughters] of Judah rejoice.
    They are happy because of your judgments, Lord.
You are the Lord Most High over all the earth;
    you are ·supreme [exalted] over all gods.

10 People who love the Lord hate evil.
    The Lord ·watches over [keeps; guards] ·those who follow him [his loyal ones/saints]
    and ·frees [rescues] them from the ·power [L hand] of the wicked.
11 Light ·shines [L is sown] on ·those who do right [the righteous];
    joy belongs to those who are ·honest [L virtuous/upright in heart].
12 Rejoice in the Lord, you who ·do right [are righteous].
    Praise his ·holy name [or unforgettable holiness].

The Lord of Power and Justice

A psalm.

98 Sing to the Lord a new song [C celebrating victory; 33:3; 40:3; 96:1; 144:9; 149:1; Is. 42:10; Rev. 5:9; 14:3],
    because he has done ·miracles [wonderful acts].
By his right hand and holy arm
    he has won the victory.
The Lord has made known his ·power to save [salvation; victory];
    he has ·shown [revealed to] ·the other [L before the eyes of the] nations his ·victory for his people [righteousness].
He has remembered his ·love [loyalty]
    and his ·loyalty [faithfulness] to the ·people [L house] of Israel.
All the ends of the earth have seen
    God’s ·power to save [salvation; victory].

Shout with joy to the Lord, all the earth;
    ·burst into songs [L break forth and sing for joy] and make ·music [a psalm].
Make music to the Lord with harps,
    with harps and the sound of singing.
Blow the trumpets and the ·sheep’s [ram’s] horns;
    shout for joy to the Lord the King [47:2; 93:1; 96:10; 97:1; 99:1; Rev. 19:6].

Let the sea and ·everything in it [its fullness] ·shout [thunder];
    let the world and everyone in it sing.
Let the rivers clap their hands;
    let the mountains sing together for joy.
Let them sing before the Lord,
    because he is coming to judge the world.
He will judge the world ·fairly [with righteousness];
    he will judge the peoples with fairness [96:13].

The Lord, the Fair and Holy King

99 The Lord ·is king [reigns; 47:2; 93:1; 96:10; 97:1; 98:6; Rev. 19:6].
    Let the peoples ·shake [tremble; C with fear].
He sits between the ·gold creatures with wings [L cherubim; C above the Ark of the Covenant; Ex. 25:17–22; 1 Kin. 8:7].
    Let the earth shake.
The Lord in ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple] is great;
    he is ·supreme [exalted] over all the peoples.
Let them ·praise [thank] your name;
    it is great, holy and ·to be feared [awesome].
The King is ·powerful [strong] and loves justice.
    Lord, you ·made [established] things fair;
you have done what is ·fair [righteous] and ·right [just]
    for the people of Jacob [C another name for Israel].
·Praise [Exalt] the Lord our God,
    and ·worship [bow down] at the footstool of his feet [C the Ark located in the Temple].
He is holy.

Moses and Aaron were among his priests,
    and Samuel was among ·his worshipers [L those who called on his name].
They called to the Lord,
    and he answered them [Ex. 32:11–13, 30–32; Num. 12:13; 14:13–19; 1 Sam. 7:5, 8–9; 12:16–18; Jer. 15:1].
He spoke to them from the pillar of cloud [Ex. 13:21].
    They ·kept [observed; guarded] the ·rules [statutes; ordinances; requirements] and ·laws [decrees; testimonies] he gave them.

Lord our God, you answered them.
    You showed them that you are a forgiving God,
    but you ·punished them [are an avenger] for their wrongs [Deut. 32:35; Is. 34:8; Ezek. 24:8; 25:14–17; Nah. 1:2; Rom. 12:19; 1 Thess. 4:6].
·Praise [Exalt] the Lord our God,
    and ·worship [bow down] at his holy mountain,
because the Lord our God is holy.

A Call to Praise the Lord

A psalm of thanks.

100 Shout to the Lord, all the earth.
Serve the Lord with joy;
    come before him with singing.
Know that the Lord is God.
    He made us [Gen. 1–2], and ·we belong to him [or not ourselves];
we are his people, the sheep ·he tends [L of his pasture; 74:1; 79:13; John 10:11–14].

Come into his ·city [L gates] with songs of thanksgiving
    and into his courtyards with songs of praise.
    ·Thank [Praise] him and ·praise [bless] his name.
The Lord is good. His ·love [loyalty] is forever,
    and his ·loyalty [faithfulness] ·goes on and on [L for all generations].

A Promise to Rule Well

A psalm of David.

101 I will sing of your ·love [loyalty] and ·fairness [justice; judgment];
    Lord, I will ·sing praises [make a psalm] to you.
I will ·be careful to live [lead; or study] ·an innocent life [the way that is blameless].
    When will ·you [or it; C the “way that is blameless”] come to me?

I will ·live [go; walk] ·an innocent life [L in the blamelessness of my heart] in my house.
    I will not ·look at [L set before my eyes] anything ·wicked [vile].
I hate those who ·turn against you [are crooked/transgressors];
    they will not ·be found near [cling to] me.
Let those who ·want to do wrong [L have a perverse heart] stay away from me;
    I ·will have nothing to do with [L do not know] evil.
If anyone secretly ·says things against [slanders] his neighbor,
    I will ·stop [destroy; silence] him.
I will not allow people
    to ·be proud [L have broad hearts] and ·look down on others [L haughty eyes; 131:1].

·I will look for trustworthy people [L My eyes are on the faithful of the land]
    so ·I can live with them [L they may dwell with me].
Only those who ·live innocent lives [L walk in the way of blamelessness]
    will ·be my servants [L serve me].
No one who ·is dishonest [deceives] will live in my house;
    no ·liars [L one who speaks falsehoods] will ·stay around me [L be established before my eyes].
Every morning I will ·destroy [silence] all the wicked in the land.
    I will ·rid [cut off] the Lord’s city [C Jerusalem; 46:4] of people who do evil.

A Cry for Help

A prayer of a person who is suffering when he is ·discouraged [faint; disturbed] and ·tells the Lord his complaints [L pours out his concerns before the Lord].

102 Lord, listen to my prayer;
    let my cry for help come to you.
Do not hide your ·presence [L face] from me
    in my time of ·trouble [distress].
·Pay attention [L Extend your ear] to me.
    ·When I cry for help [L On the day I call], answer me quickly.

My ·life [L days] is ·passing away [vanishing] like smoke,
    and my bones are burned up ·with fire [L like a furnace/oven/or glowing embers].
My heart is like grass
    that has been ·cut [stricken] and dried.
    I forget to eat my ·food [or bread].
Because of ·my grief [L the sounds of my groans],
    my ·skin hangs on my bones [L bones cling to my flesh].
I am like a ·desert [wilderness] owl,
    like an owl living among the ·ruins [wastelands; Is. 34:10–15; Zeph. 2:13–15].
I ·lie awake [or keep watch].
    I am like a lonely bird on a ·housetop [roof].
All day long enemies ·insult [scorn; reproach] me;
    those who ·make fun of [mock] me use my name as a curse.
I eat ashes for ·food [or bread],
    and my tears ·fall into [mingle with] my drinks.
10 Because of your ·great anger [L wrath and indignation],
    you have picked me up and thrown me away.
11 My days are like a passing shadow;
    I am like dried grass.

12 But, Lord, you ·rule [L are enthroned] forever,
    and your ·fame [memory] ·goes on and on [L throughout the generations].
13 You will ·come [L rise up] and have ·mercy [compassion] on ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple],
    because the time has now come to be ·kind [gracious] to her;
    the ·right [appointed] time has come.
14 Your servants ·love even [are pleased/delighted with] her stones;
    they even ·care about [L have pity/compassion for] her dust.
15 Nations will fear the name of the Lord,
    and all the kings on earth ·will honor you [L your glory; C God’s manifest presence].
16 The Lord will rebuild ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple];
    there his glory [C manifest presence] will be seen.
17 He will answer the prayers of the ·needy [lowly; L naked];
    he will not ·reject [despise] their prayers.

18 Write these things for ·the future [L a future generation]
    so that people who are not yet ·born [created] will praise the Lord.
19 The Lord looked down from his holy place above;
    from heaven he ·looked [gazed] down at the earth.
20 He heard the ·moans [groans] of the prisoners,
    and he ·freed [released] those sentenced to die.
21 The name of the Lord will be ·heard [recounted] in ·Jerusalem [L Zion; C the location of the Temple];
    his praise ·will be heard there [L in Jerusalem].
22 People will ·come [gather] together,
    and kingdoms will serve the Lord.

23 ·God has made me tired of living [He broke my strength in midcourse/L the way];
    he has cut short my ·life [L days].
24 So I said, “My God, do not take me in the middle of my ·life [L days].
    Your years ·go on and on [endure for generations].
25 In the beginning you ·made [founded] the earth,
    and ·your hands made the skies [L the heavens are the work of your hands; Gen. 1].
26 They will be destroyed, but you will ·remain [endure].
    They will all wear out like ·clothes [garments].
And, like clothes, you will change them
    and throw them away.
27 But you ·never change [are the same/L he],
    and your ·life [L years] will never end.
28 ·Our children [L The children of your servants] will live in your presence,
    and their ·children [offspring; L seed] will remain with you.”

Praise to the Lord of Love

Of David.

103 ·All that I am [T O my soul], ·praise [bless] the Lord;
    ·everything in me [L all my inward parts], ·praise [bless] his holy name.
·My whole being [T O my soul], ·praise [bless] the Lord
    and do not forget all his ·kindnesses [gifts; benefits].
He forgives all ·my [or your] ·sins [iniquity]
    and heals all ·my [or your] ·diseases [ills].
He ·saves [redeems] ·my [or your] life from the ·grave [L pit]
    and ·loads [or crowns] ·me [or you] with ·love [loyalty] and ·mercy [compassion].
He satisfies ·me [or you] with good things [L as long as you live; or according to your desires]
    and ·makes me young again [L renews your youth], like the eagle [Is. 40:31].

The Lord does what is ·right [righteous] and ·fair [just]
    for all who are ·wronged by others [oppressed; exploited].
He ·showed [revealed] his ways to Moses [Ex. 34:5–7]
    and his deeds to the ·people [sons] of Israel.
The Lord shows ·mercy [compassion] and ·is kind [grace].
    He ·does not become angry quickly [is slow to anger], and he has great ·love [loyalty; 86:15; 145:8–9; Ex. 34:6–7; Neh. 9:17. 31; Joel 2:13; Jon. 4:2].
He will not always ·accuse [charge; contend with] us,
    and he will not ·be angry forever [L keep watch forever].
10 He ·has not punished us as our sins should be punished [L does not act toward us according to our sins];
    he has not repaid us ·for the evil we have done [L according to our iniquity].
11 As high as the ·sky [heaven] is above the earth,
    so great is his ·love [loyalty] for those who ·respect [fear] him [Prov. 1:7].
12 He has taken our ·sins [transgressions] away from us
    as far as the east is from west.
13 The Lord has ·mercy [compassion] on those who ·respect [fear] him [Prov. 1:7],
    as a father has ·mercy [compassion] on his children.
14 He knows how we were ·made [formed];
    he remembers that we are dust [Gen. 2:7; 3:19; Job 4:19; 10:9; 34:15; Eccl. 3:20; 12:7].

15 Human ·life [L days] is like grass [90:5–6; Is. 51:12];
    we ·grow [sprout; flourish] like a flower in the field [Job 14:2; Is. 40:6–7].
16 After the wind ·blows [passes by], ·the flower [L it] is gone,
    and ·there is no sign of where it was [L no one can recognize its place].
17 But the Lord’s ·love [loyalty] for those who ·respect [fear] him [Prov. 1:7]
    continues forever and ever,
    and his ·goodness [righteousness] continues to their ·grandchildren [L children’s children]
18 and to those who ·keep [observe; guard] his ·agreement [covenant; treaty; Ex. 19–24]
    and who remember to ·obey [L do] his ·orders [precepts].

19 The Lord has ·set [established] his throne in heaven,
    and his kingdom rules over everything [93:1; 96:10; 99:1].
20 You who are his ·angels [or messengers], ·praise [bless] the Lord.
    You are the mighty warriors who do what he says
    and who ·obey [listen to] his voice.
21 You, his ·armies [hosts; C perhaps the angelic army], ·praise [bless] the Lord;
    you are his ·servants [ministers] who do what he ·wants [desires].
22 Everything the Lord has made
    should ·praise [bless] him in all the places he rules.
·My whole being [T O my soul], ·praise [bless] the Lord.

Praise to God Who Made the World

104 ·My whole being [T O my soul], ·praise [bless] the Lord.
    Lord my God, you are very great.
You are clothed with ·glory [splendor] and ·majesty [beauty];
    you ·wear [L wrap yourself in] light like a robe [Hab. 3:4; 1 John 1:5].
You stretch out the ·skies [heavens] like a tent [Is. 40:22].
    You ·build your room above the clouds [L set the beams of your upper room on the waters].
You make the clouds your chariot [18:10–19; 68:4; Is. 19:1; Dan. 7:13–14; Luke 21:27; Rev. 1:7],
    and you ride on the wings of the wind.
You make the winds your messengers,
    and flames of fire are your ·servants [ministers; Heb. 1:7].

You ·built [founded] the earth on its foundations
    so it can never be moved.
You covered the earth with ·oceans [L the deeps];
    the water ·was above [L stood over] the mountains.
But at your ·command [reprimand; rebuke], the water ·rushed away [fled].
    ·When you thundered your orders [L At the sound of your thunder], it hurried away.
The mountains rose; the valleys sank.
    The water went to the places you ·made [founded] for it.
You set borders for the seas that they cannot ·cross [pass],
    so water will never cover the earth again [C as before the third day creation or during the Flood; Gen. 1:9–10; 9:9–17; Job 38:8–11; Prov. 8:29].

10 You make springs pour into the ·ravines [wadis];
    they flow between the mountains.
11 They water all the ·wild animals [L creatures of the field];
    the wild donkeys ·come there to drink [L quench their thirst].
12 ·Wild birds [Birds of the sky/heavens] ·make nests by the water [L dwell by them];
    they ·sing [L give voice] among the tree branches.
13 You water the mountains from ·above [L your high dwelling].
    The earth is ·full of [or satisfied by] ·the things you made [L the fruit of your works].
14 You make the grass grow for cattle
    and ·vegetables [plants] for the people to ·use [cultivate].
    You make ·food [or bread] ·grow [L come out] from the earth.
15 You give us wine that ·makes happy hearts [rejoices the hearts of people; John 2:1–12]
    and olive oil that makes our faces shine [C soothing skin in a dry climate; Luke 7:46].
    You give us bread that gives us ·strength [sustenance].
16 The Lord’s trees ·have plenty of water [flourish];
    they are the cedars of Lebanon [C the most majestic trees known], which he planted.
17 The birds make their nests there;
    the stork’s home is in the fir trees.
18 The high mountains belong to the wild goats.
    The rocks are ·hiding places [refuge] for the badgers.

19 You made the moon ·to mark the seasons [for appointed times; Gen. 1:14; Lev. 23:2, 4, 37, 44],
    and the sun always knows when to set.
20 You make it dark, and it becomes night.
    Then all the ·wild animals [L creatures of the forest] ·creep [swarm] around.
21 The lions roar ·as they attack [L for prey].
    They ·look to [seek] God for food.
22 When the sun rises, they leave
    and go back to their dens to lie down.
23 Then people go to work
    and ·work [labor] until evening.

24 Lord, ·you have made many things;
    with your wisdom you made them all [Prov. 8:22–31].
    The earth is full of your ·riches [or creatures].
25 Look at the sea, so big and wide,
    with creatures large and small, ·creeping [swarming] things that cannot be counted.
26 Ships travel over the ocean,
    and there is Leviathan [C a sea monster and symbol of chaos; 74:14; Job 3:8; 41:1; Is. 27:1],
which you made to play there.

27 All these things ·depend [hope; wait] on you
    to give them their food at the right time.
28 When you give it to them,
    they gather it up.
When you open your hand,
    they are ·filled [satisfied] with good food.
29 When you ·turn away [L hide your face] from them,
    they ·become frightened [are terrified].
When you take away their breath,
    they ·die [expire] and turn to dust [Gen. 2:7; Eccl. 12:7].
30 When you ·breathe [L send your breath/or Spirit] on them,
    they are created [Gen. 2:7],
and you make the land new again.

31 May the glory of the Lord [C his manifest presence] be forever.
    May the Lord ·enjoy [rejoice in] what he has made.
32 He just looks at the earth, and it ·shakes [trembles].
    He touches the mountains, and they smoke.

33 I will sing to the Lord all my life;
    I will ·sing praises [make a psalm] to my God as long as I live.
34 May my ·thoughts [meditations] please him;
    I ·am happy [will rejoice] in the Lord.
35 Let sinners be ·destroyed [obliterated] from the earth,
    and let the wicked live no longer.

·My whole being [T O my soul], ·praise [bless] the Lord.
Praise the Lord.

God’s Love for Israel

105 Give thanks to the Lord and ·pray to him [L call on his name].
    ·Tell [L Make known among] the nations what he has done.
Sing to him; ·sing praises [make a psalm] to him.
    Tell about all his ·miracles [wonderful acts].
·Be glad that you are his [L Exult/Glory in his holy name];
    let ·those [L the heart of those] who seek the Lord ·be happy [rejoice].
·Depend on [Seek] the Lord and his strength;
    always ·go to him for help [L seek his face].
Remember the ·miracles [wonderful acts] he has done;
    remember his ·wonders [signs] and ·his decisions [L the judgments of his mouth].
You are ·descendants [L seed] of his servant Abraham [Gen. 12:1–3],
    the children of Jacob, his chosen people.
He is the Lord our God.
    His ·laws [justice; judgments] are for all the world.

He will ·keep [L remember] his ·agreement [covenant; treaty] forever;
    ·he will keep his promises always [L the word which he commanded, for a thousand generations].
He will keep the ·agreement [covenant; treaty] he ·made [L cut] with Abraham [Gen. 12:1–3; 17:23]
    and the ·promise [oath] he made to Isaac [Gen. 26:3–5].
10 He made it a ·law [statute; ordinance; requirement] for the people of Jacob;
    he made it an ·agreement [covenant; agreement] with Israel to last forever.
11 The Lord said, “I will give you the land of Canaan [Gen. 15:18],
    ·and it will belong to you [L as a portion of your inheritance].”

12 Then ·God’s people [L they] were few in number.
    They were ·strangers [sojourners; wanderers; resident aliens] in the land.
13 They went from one nation to another,
    from one kingdom to another.
14 But the Lord did not let anyone ·hurt [exploit; oppress] them;
    he warned kings ·not to harm them [L concerning them].
15 He said, “Don’t touch my ·chosen [anointed] people,
    and don’t harm my prophets.”

16 ·God [He] ·ordered [proclaimed] a ·time of hunger [famine] in the land,
    and he ·destroyed all the food [L broke every staff of bread; Gen. 41:54].
17 Then he sent a man ahead of them—
    Joseph, who was sold as a slave [Gen. 37; 45:5; 50:20].
18 They ·put chains around his feet [L afflicted his feet with chain]
    and an iron ·ring [collar] around his neck.
19 ·Then the time he had spoken of came,
    and the Lord’s words proved that Joseph was right [or Until the time he had spoken of came, the words of the Lord kept testing him].
20 The king [C of Egypt] sent for Joseph and ·freed [released] him;
    the ruler of the people set him free [Gen. 41:14, 40].
21 He made him the ·master [lord] of his house;
    Joseph was in charge of his riches [Acts 7:10].
22 He could ·order [bind] the princes as he wished.
    He taught the older men to be wise.
23 Then Israel [C another name for Jacob, Joseph’s father] came to Egypt;
    Jacob lived in the land of Ham [C Egypt; Gen. 46:1–7].
24 The Lord made his people ·grow in number [fruitful; Ex. 1:7],
    and he ·made them stronger than [strengthened them against] their ·enemies [foes].
25 He ·caused the Egyptians [L turned their hearts] to hate his people
    and to ·make plans [L act deceptively] against his servants [Ex. 1:8].
26 Then he sent his servant Moses,
    and Aaron, whom he had chosen [Ex. 3:1—4:17].
27 They did many signs among the Egyptians
    and worked ·wonders [miracles; C the plagues; Ex. 7–12] in the land of Ham [C Egypt; Gen. 46:1–7].
28 The Lord sent darkness and made the land dark,
    but the Egyptians ·turned against what he said [rebelled against his word; Ex. 10:21–29].
29 He changed their water into blood
    and made their fish die [Ex. 7:14–25].
30 Then their country ·was filled [swarmed] with frogs,
    even in the bedrooms of their ·rulers [L kings; Ex. 8:1–17].
31 The Lord spoke and flies came [Ex. 8:20–32],
    and gnats were everywhere in the country [Ex. 8:16–19].
32 He made hail fall like rain
    and sent lightning through their land.
33 He struck down their grapevines and fig trees,
    and he ·destroyed [shattered] every tree in the country [Ex. 9:13–35].
34 He spoke and ·grasshoppers [locusts] came;
    the ·locusts [young locusts] ·were too many to count [L without number].
35 They ate all the ·plants [vegetation] in the land
    and ·everything the earth produced [L the fruit of the ground; Ex. 10:1–20].
36 ·The Lord [L He] also ·killed [L struck] all the firstborn sons in the land,
    the oldest son of each family [L the first of their virility; Ex. 11:1—12:30].

37 Then he brought them out with silver and gold [Ex. 12:35–36].
    ·Not one of his people stumbled [L There was no stumbling among the tribe].
38 The Egyptians ·were glad [rejoiced] when they left,
    because ·the Egyptians were afraid of them [L dread of them fell on them; C because of the plagues].
39 ·The Lord covered them with a cloud [L He spread out a cloud as a covering]
    and ·lit up the night with fire [L a fire to illuminate the night; Ex. 13:21–22].
40 When they asked, he brought them quail
    and filled them with bread from heaven [Ex. 16].
41 God ·split [L opened] the rock, and water flowed out;
    it ran like a river through the ·desert [wasteland; Ex. 17:1–7].
42 He remembered his holy ·promise [word]
    to his servant Abraham [Gen. 12:1–3].

43 So God brought his people out with joy,
    his chosen ones with singing.
44 He gave them lands of other nations,
    so they received ·what others had worked for [L the labors of peoples].
45 This was so they would ·keep [observe; guard] his ·orders [statutes; ordinances; requirements]
    and ·obey [protect] his ·teachings [instructions; laws].

Praise the Lord!

Israel’s Failure to Trust God

106 Praise the Lord!

Thank the Lord because he is good.
    His ·love [loyalty] continues forever.
·No one [L Who…?] can tell all the mighty things the Lord has done;
    ·no one [L who…?] can ·speak [declare] all his praise.
·Happy [Blessed] are those who ·do [keep; observe; guard] ·right [justice],
    who do what is ·fair [righteous] at all times.

Lord, remember me when you ·are kind [show favor] to your people;
    ·help [come to] me when you ·save them [give them victory].
Let me see the ·good things you do for [prosperity of] your chosen people.
    Let me ·be happy [rejoice] along with your ·happy [rejoicing] nation;
let me join your ·own people [inheritance] in praising you.

We have sinned just as our ·ancestors [fathers] did.
    We have done wrong; we have done evil.
Our ·ancestors [fathers] in Egypt
    did not ·learn [grow in wisdom] from your ·miracles [wonderful acts].
They did not remember all your ·kindnesses [loyalty],
    so they ·turned [rebelled] against you at the ·Red [or Reed] Sea [78:13; Ex. 14–15].
But the Lord ·saved them [gave them victory] ·for his own sake [L because of his name],
    to ·show [reveal] his great power.
He ·commanded [reprimanded; rebuked] the ·Red [or Reed] Sea [v. 7], and it dried up.
    He led them through the deep sea as if it were a ·desert [wilderness].
10 He ·saved them [gave them victory over] from those who hated them.
    He ·saved [redeemed] them from the ·power [hand] of their enemies,
11 and the water covered their foes.
    Not one of them ·escaped [L was left].
12 Then the people ·believed what the Lord said [L had faith in his word],
    and they sang praises to him.

13 But they quickly forgot what he had done;
    they did not wait for his ·advice [counsel].
14 They ·became greedy for food [developed deep cravings] in the ·desert [wilderness; Num. 11],
    and they tested God ·there [L in desolate places; Ex. 17:7].
15 So he gave them what they ·wanted [asked for],
    but he also sent ·a terrible disease [a wasting sickness; emaciation] among them [Num. 11:33–35].

16 The people in the camp were jealous of Moses
    and of Aaron, the holy ·priest [one] of the Lord.
17 Then the ground opened up and swallowed Dathan
    and closed over Abiram’s ·group [assembly].
18 A fire burned among their ·followers [congregation],
    and flames burned up the wicked [Num. 16].

19 The people made a gold calf at ·Mount Sinai [L Horeb; C another name for Sinai]
    and ·worshiped [bowed down to] a metal statue [Ex. 32; Deut. 9:7–17].
20 They exchanged their ·glorious God [L glory; C God’s manifest presence]
    for ·a statue [the image] of a bull that eats grass.
21 They forgot the God who ·saved them [had given them victory],
    who had done great things in Egypt,
22 who had done miracles in the land of Ham [C Egypt]
    and amazing things by the ·Red [or Reed] Sea [v. 7].
23 So God said he would destroy them.
    But Moses, his chosen one, stood ·before him [L in the breech before him]
and ·stopped God’s anger from destroying them [calmed his destructive wrath; Ex. 32:30—33:23; Deut. 9:18–21].

24 Then they refused to go into the ·beautiful land of Canaan [desired/coveted land];
    they did not ·believe what God promised [L trust his word; Num. 14:1–12].
25 They ·grumbled [complained] in their tents [Deut. 1:27; 1 Cor. 10:10]
    and did not ·obey [L listen to] the Lord.
26 So he ·swore [L lifted his hand; C an oath-taking gesture] to them
    that ·they would die [L he would make them fall] in the ·desert [wilderness].
27 He ·said their children would be killed by [L would make their seed fall to] other nations
    and that they would be scattered among other countries [C as happened in the exile; Num. 14:27–35].

28 They ·joined in worshiping [L yoked themselves to] Baal at Peor
    and ate ·meat that had been sacrificed to lifeless statues [L sacrifices to the dead; Num. 25].
29 They ·made the Lord angry [L provoked him] by what they did,
    so ·many people became sick with a terrible disease [plague broke out among them].
30 But Phinehas ·prayed to the Lord [L stood and prayed],
    and the ·disease [plague] ·stopped [was restrained; Num. 25:6–9].
31 ·Phinehas did what was right [L It was counted/credited to him as righteousness],
    ·and it will be remembered from now on [L throughout the generations, forever; Num. 25:10–13; Mal. 2:4–6].

32 The people also made the Lord angry at Meribah [81:7; 95:8],
    and Moses was in trouble because of them.
33 The people ·turned [rebelled] against ·the Spirit of God [L his Spirit/spirit],
    so Moses ·spoke without stopping to think [L chattered with his lips; Num. 20:10–11].

34 The people did not destroy the other nations
    as the Lord had told them to do [Deut. 7:16; 20:17–18].
35 Instead, they mixed with the other nations
    and learned their ·customs [deeds; Judg. 3:5–6].
36 They ·worshiped [L served] other nations’ idols [Judg. 2:19]
    and were ·trapped by them [L a snare to them].
37 They even killed their sons and daughters
    as sacrifices to demons [Lev. 18:21; Deut. 12:31; 2 Kin. 16:1; 21:6; 23:10; Jer. 7:31; Ezek. 16:20–21; 20:31; 1 Cor. 10:20].
38 They ·killed [L spilled the blood of] innocent people,
    their own sons and daughters,
as sacrifices to the idols of Canaan [Jer. 19:4].
    So the land was ·made unholy [polluted] by their blood.
39 The people became ·unholy [unclean; C ritually] by their ·sins [L acts];
    they ·were unfaithful to God in [prostituted themselves by] what they did.

40 So the Lord became angry with his people
    and ·hated [was disgusted with] his own ·children [L inheritance].
41 He ·handed them over to [L gave them over to the hand/power of] other nations
    and let ·their enemies [L those who hated them] ·rule over [dominate] them.
42 Their enemies ·were cruel to [oppressed] them
    and ·kept them [they were brought into subjection] under their ·power [L hand].
43 The Lord ·saved [rescued] his people many times,
    but they continued to ·turn [rebel] against him.
So they ·became even more wicked [L were brought low by their iniquity].

44 But God saw their ·misery [distress]
    when he heard their cry.
45 He remembered his ·agreement [treaty; covenant] with them,
    and he felt ·sorry [compassion] for them because of his great ·love [loyalty].
46 He caused them to be ·pitied [shown mercy/compassion]
    by those who held them captive.

47 Lord our God, ·save us [give us victory]
    and ·bring us back [gather us] from other nations [C perhaps from the exile].
Then we will ·thank [praise] ·you [L your holy name]
    and will ·gladly praise you [glory in your praise].

48 ·Praise [Bless] the Lord, the God of Israel.
    He ·always was and always will be [is from everlasting to everlasting].
Let all the people say, “Amen!”

Praise the Lord!

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